Cystatin C: influence of perfusion and myocardial injury on early (<24 h) renal function after pediatric cardiac surgery

A. Vassalos, David Young, K. MacArthur, J. Pollock, F. Lyall, M.H. Danton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)-associated renal dysfunction following cardiac surgery is well recognized. In patients with renal disease, cystatin C has emerged as a new biomarker which in contrast to creatinine (Cr) is sensitive to minor changes in glomerular filtration rate (GFR). We utilized cystatin C to investigate the association of CPB perfusion parameters with acute renal injury after pediatric cardiac surgery. Twenty children, aged 4-58 months (AVSD, n = 7; VSD, n = 9; and ASD, n = 4), were prospectively studied. Glomerular filtration rate was quantified postoperatively by creatinine clearance (first and second 12-h periods; CrCl(0-12) and CrCl(12-24) ). Serum cystatin C and Cr were measured preoperatively and on days 0-3. Recorded CPB parameters included bypass duration (BP), perfusion pressure (PP), lowest pump flow (Q(min) ), lowest hematocrit, and corresponding lowest oxygen delivery (DO(2 min) ). Myocardial injury was determined by troponin-I. Postoperatively, GFR remained unchanged (CrCl(0-12) 63.6 ± 37.0 vs CrCl(12-24) 65.1 ± 27.5; P = 0.51) and only correlated with cystatin C (CrCl(0-12) vs cystatin C(Day 0) [r = 0.58, P = 0.018] and Cr(Day 0) [r = 0.09, P = 0.735]). Cr and cystatin C increased postoperatively to peak on days 2 and 3, respectively (Cr(PreOp) 31 ± 6.9 vs Cr(Day 2) 36.9 ± 12.2, P = 0.03; cystatin C(Day 0) 0.83 ± 0.27 vs cystatin C(Day 3) 1.45 ± 0.53, P = 0.02). Increased cystatin C was significantly associated with BP (P = 0.001), mean PP (P = 0.029), Q(min) (P = 0.005), troponin-I (P < 0.001), and DO(2 min) <300 ml·min(-1) ·m(-2) (P = 0.007). Receiver-operator cutoff >1.044 mg·l(-1) for cystatin C exhibited 100% sensitivity and 67% specificity for detecting renal dysfunction, defined as GFR <55 ml·min(-1) ·1.73 m(-2). Cystatin C is a sensitive marker of early renal dysfunction following pediatric heart surgery. Variations in bypass parameters, myocardial injury, and ultimately critical oxygen delivery are significantly associated with the degree of renal impairment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1185-1191
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Anesthesia
Volume21
Issue number12
Early online date11 Aug 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

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Cystatin C
Thoracic Surgery
Perfusion
Pediatrics
Kidney
Wounds and Injuries
Creatinine
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Troponin I
Oxygen
Pressure
Hematocrit
Acute Kidney Injury
Biomarkers

Keywords

  • biomarker
  • oxygen delivery
  • cardiopulmonary bypass
  • renal failure

Cite this

Vassalos, A. ; Young, David ; MacArthur, K. ; Pollock, J. ; Lyall, F. ; Danton, M.H. / Cystatin C: influence of perfusion and myocardial injury on early (&lt;24 h) renal function after pediatric cardiac surgery. In: Pediatric Anesthesia. 2011 ; Vol. 21, No. 12. pp. 1185-1191.
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Cystatin C: influence of perfusion and myocardial injury on early (&lt;24 h) renal function after pediatric cardiac surgery. / Vassalos, A.; Young, David; MacArthur, K.; Pollock, J.; Lyall, F.; Danton, M.H.

In: Pediatric Anesthesia, Vol. 21, No. 12, 12.2011, p. 1185-1191.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cystatin C: influence of perfusion and myocardial injury on early (<24 h) renal function after pediatric cardiac surgery

AU - Vassalos, A.

AU - Young, David

AU - MacArthur, K.

AU - Pollock, J.

AU - Lyall, F.

AU - Danton, M.H.

PY - 2011/12

Y1 - 2011/12

N2 - Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)-associated renal dysfunction following cardiac surgery is well recognized. In patients with renal disease, cystatin C has emerged as a new biomarker which in contrast to creatinine (Cr) is sensitive to minor changes in glomerular filtration rate (GFR). We utilized cystatin C to investigate the association of CPB perfusion parameters with acute renal injury after pediatric cardiac surgery. Twenty children, aged 4-58 months (AVSD, n = 7; VSD, n = 9; and ASD, n = 4), were prospectively studied. Glomerular filtration rate was quantified postoperatively by creatinine clearance (first and second 12-h periods; CrCl(0-12) and CrCl(12-24) ). Serum cystatin C and Cr were measured preoperatively and on days 0-3. Recorded CPB parameters included bypass duration (BP), perfusion pressure (PP), lowest pump flow (Q(min) ), lowest hematocrit, and corresponding lowest oxygen delivery (DO(2 min) ). Myocardial injury was determined by troponin-I. Postoperatively, GFR remained unchanged (CrCl(0-12) 63.6 ± 37.0 vs CrCl(12-24) 65.1 ± 27.5; P = 0.51) and only correlated with cystatin C (CrCl(0-12) vs cystatin C(Day 0) [r = 0.58, P = 0.018] and Cr(Day 0) [r = 0.09, P = 0.735]). Cr and cystatin C increased postoperatively to peak on days 2 and 3, respectively (Cr(PreOp) 31 ± 6.9 vs Cr(Day 2) 36.9 ± 12.2, P = 0.03; cystatin C(Day 0) 0.83 ± 0.27 vs cystatin C(Day 3) 1.45 ± 0.53, P = 0.02). Increased cystatin C was significantly associated with BP (P = 0.001), mean PP (P = 0.029), Q(min) (P = 0.005), troponin-I (P < 0.001), and DO(2 min) <300 ml·min(-1) ·m(-2) (P = 0.007). Receiver-operator cutoff >1.044 mg·l(-1) for cystatin C exhibited 100% sensitivity and 67% specificity for detecting renal dysfunction, defined as GFR <55 ml·min(-1) ·1.73 m(-2). Cystatin C is a sensitive marker of early renal dysfunction following pediatric heart surgery. Variations in bypass parameters, myocardial injury, and ultimately critical oxygen delivery are significantly associated with the degree of renal impairment.

AB - Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)-associated renal dysfunction following cardiac surgery is well recognized. In patients with renal disease, cystatin C has emerged as a new biomarker which in contrast to creatinine (Cr) is sensitive to minor changes in glomerular filtration rate (GFR). We utilized cystatin C to investigate the association of CPB perfusion parameters with acute renal injury after pediatric cardiac surgery. Twenty children, aged 4-58 months (AVSD, n = 7; VSD, n = 9; and ASD, n = 4), were prospectively studied. Glomerular filtration rate was quantified postoperatively by creatinine clearance (first and second 12-h periods; CrCl(0-12) and CrCl(12-24) ). Serum cystatin C and Cr were measured preoperatively and on days 0-3. Recorded CPB parameters included bypass duration (BP), perfusion pressure (PP), lowest pump flow (Q(min) ), lowest hematocrit, and corresponding lowest oxygen delivery (DO(2 min) ). Myocardial injury was determined by troponin-I. Postoperatively, GFR remained unchanged (CrCl(0-12) 63.6 ± 37.0 vs CrCl(12-24) 65.1 ± 27.5; P = 0.51) and only correlated with cystatin C (CrCl(0-12) vs cystatin C(Day 0) [r = 0.58, P = 0.018] and Cr(Day 0) [r = 0.09, P = 0.735]). Cr and cystatin C increased postoperatively to peak on days 2 and 3, respectively (Cr(PreOp) 31 ± 6.9 vs Cr(Day 2) 36.9 ± 12.2, P = 0.03; cystatin C(Day 0) 0.83 ± 0.27 vs cystatin C(Day 3) 1.45 ± 0.53, P = 0.02). Increased cystatin C was significantly associated with BP (P = 0.001), mean PP (P = 0.029), Q(min) (P = 0.005), troponin-I (P < 0.001), and DO(2 min) <300 ml·min(-1) ·m(-2) (P = 0.007). Receiver-operator cutoff >1.044 mg·l(-1) for cystatin C exhibited 100% sensitivity and 67% specificity for detecting renal dysfunction, defined as GFR <55 ml·min(-1) ·1.73 m(-2). Cystatin C is a sensitive marker of early renal dysfunction following pediatric heart surgery. Variations in bypass parameters, myocardial injury, and ultimately critical oxygen delivery are significantly associated with the degree of renal impairment.

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KW - oxygen delivery

KW - cardiopulmonary bypass

KW - renal failure

U2 - 10.1111/j.1460-9592.2011.03654.

DO - 10.1111/j.1460-9592.2011.03654.

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 1185

EP - 1191

JO - Pediatric Anesthesia

JF - Pediatric Anesthesia

SN - 1155-5645

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ER -