Cyber4Dev-Q: calibrating cyber awareness in the developing country context

Adele Da Veiga, Mariaane Loock, Karen Renaud

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Citizens of the hyper-connected world face tremendous challenges in managing their personal online risks: preserving their cyber safety, cyber security and cyber privacy. Governments allocate significant resources to raising the awareness of their citizens in these three areas, to equip them to manage their online risks. To ensure maximum efficacy, these endeavours need to be able to gauge existing levels of awareness to ensure that awareness drives target population-level awareness gaps. A number of excellent and rigorously developed questionnaires exist for this purpose. However, these may not be as accurate in terms of revealing awareness gaps and issues in developing countries. Developing country citizens face a range of context-specific challenges, distinct from those faced by developed country citizens. These are likely to impact their cyber awareness development and maintenance. A context-sensitive cyber awareness measurement instrument, which has been designed for this context, has a better chance of revealing particular awareness aspects requiring attention. To meet this need, we developed and validated a Cyber Awareness Questionnaire for use in developing countries (Cyber4Dev-Q), which aims to measure the cyber awareness of developing country citizens in all three core cyber areas in a context-sensitive fashion.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages29
JournalThe Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 22 Jul 2021


  • cyber awareness
  • cyber safety
  • cyber security
  • developing countries
  • online risks
  • cyber privacy
  • Cyber4Dev-Q


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