CubeSat-based passive bistatic radar for space situational awareness: a feasibility study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper proposes a low budget solution to detect and possibly track space debris and satellites in Low Earth Orbit. The concept consists of a space-borne radar installed on a cubeSat flying at low altitude and detecting the occultations of radio signals coming from existing satellites flying at higher altitudes. The paper investigates the feasibility and performance of such a passive bistatic radar system. Key performance metrics considered in this paper are: the minimum size of detectable objects, considering visibility and frequency constraints on existing radio sources, the receiver size and the compatibility with current cubeSat's technology. Different illuminator types and receiver altitudes are considered under the assumption that all illuminators and receivers are on circular orbits.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1-17
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
Early online date18 Jun 2018
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 18 Jun 2018

Fingerprint

Orbits
Radar
Satellites
Space debris
Radar systems
Visibility
Earth (planet)
Space-based radar

Keywords

  • space-borne radar
  • space debris
  • passive bistatic radar
  • space situational awareness
  • cubeSat based radar
  • forward scattering

Cite this

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title = "CubeSat-based passive bistatic radar for space situational awareness: a feasibility study",
abstract = "This paper proposes a low budget solution to detect and possibly track space debris and satellites in Low Earth Orbit. The concept consists of a space-borne radar installed on a cubeSat flying at low altitude and detecting the occultations of radio signals coming from existing satellites flying at higher altitudes. The paper investigates the feasibility and performance of such a passive bistatic radar system. Key performance metrics considered in this paper are: the minimum size of detectable objects, considering visibility and frequency constraints on existing radio sources, the receiver size and the compatibility with current cubeSat's technology. Different illuminator types and receiver altitudes are considered under the assumption that all illuminators and receivers are on circular orbits.",
keywords = "space-borne radar, space debris, passive bistatic radar, space situational awareness, cubeSat based radar, forward scattering",
author = "A.R. Persico and P. Kirkland and C. Clemente and M. Vasile and Soraghan, {J. J.}",
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AU - Vasile,M.

AU - Soraghan,J. J.

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KW - space debris

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KW - cubeSat based radar

KW - forward scattering

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