Cross-curricular or cross-purposes? An exploration of the relationship between Citizenship Education and Physical Education

Paul Adams, G Griggs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Since 2002 Citizenship Education has been a statutory subject on the Key Stage 3 and
4 curriculum. In addition, at Key Stages 1 and 2 it has been incorporated into a non-
statutory framework for Personal, Social and Health Education and Citizenship. Much of that written to date has centred on the ways in which Citizenship Education can be planned for and operationalised within a cross-curricular approach. Although the contribution from Physical Education (PE) has been less than that for History, for example, it has received some attention. This paper contends that, to date, such deliberations have either conflated Citizenship Education and Personal - Social education, or have failed to acknowledge the differences that exist between PE as a National Curriculum subject and PE as part of the wider school debate. Thus, any proposals that see PE as a contributor to Citizenship Education have at best been misplaced.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-42
Number of pages19
JournalThe Bulletin of Physical Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • citizenship education
  • physical education
  • social education
  • national curriculum

Cite this