Cross-cultural comparison of motor competence in children from Australia and Belgium

Farid Bardid, James Rudd, Matthieu Lenoir, Remco Polman, Lisa M. Barnett

Research output: Contribution to journalConference Contributionpeer-review

11 Downloads (Pure)


Motor competence in childhood is an important determinant of PA and physical fitness in later life, however childhood competence levels in many countries are lower than desired. Due to the many motor skill instruments in use it is unclear how children’s motor competence across countries can be compared. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the motor competence of children from Australia and Belgium using the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder (KTK). The sample consisted of 244 (43.4% boys) Flemish children and 252 (50.0% boys) Australian children, aged 6 to 8 years (Australian 7.6 ± 0.7 and Flemish 7.3 ± 0.9). ANOVAs revealed that Flemish children performed significantly better than Australian children on jumping sideways (p = 0.004; η2p = 0.016), moving sideways (p < 0.001; η2p = 0.084) and hopping for height (p < 0.001; η2p = 0.022) but not for balancing backwards (p = 0.221; η2p = 0.003). Moreover, a Chi squared test revealed significant differences between the Flemish and Australian score distribution with 21.3% Flemish and 39.3% Australian children scoring ‘below average’ (p < 0.001; Cramer’s V = 0.22). The very low levels reported by Australian children may be the result of cultural differences in physical activity contexts such as physical education, active transport and organized sports.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S24-S24
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Issue numbersuppl.
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2015
Event2015 North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity conference - Portland, United States
Duration: 4 Jun 20157 Jun 2015


  • motor competence
  • childhood
  • children
  • physical activity
  • Australia
  • Belgium
  • physical education


Dive into the research topics of 'Cross-cultural comparison of motor competence in children from Australia and Belgium'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this