Creeping thermocapillary motion of a Newtonian droplet suspended in a viscoelastic fluid

Paolo Capobianchi, Mahdi Davoodi, Robert J. Poole, Marcello Lappa, Alexander Morozov, Mónica S.N. Oliveira

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Abstract

In this work we consider theoretically the problem of a Newtonian droplet moving in an otherwise quiescent infinite viscoelastic fluid under the influence of an externally applied temperature gradient. The outer fluid is modelled by the Oldroyd-B equation, and the problem is solved for small Weissenberg and Capillary numbers in terms of a double perturbation expansion.
We assume microgravity conditions and neglect the convective transport of energy and momentum. We derive expressions for the droplet migration speed and its shape in terms of the properties of both fluids. In the absence of shape deformation, the droplet speed decreases monotonically for sufficiently viscous inner fluids, while for fluids with a smaller inner-to-outer viscosity ratio, the droplet speed first increases and then decreases as a function of the Weissenberg number. For small but finite values of the Capillary number, the droplet speed behaves monotonically as a function of the applied temper-ature gradient for a fixed ratio of the Capillary and Weissenberg numbers. We demonstrate that this behaviour is related to the polymeric stresses de-forming the droplet in the direction of its migration, while the associated changes in its speed are Newtonian in nature, being related to a change in the droplet’s hydrodynamic resistance and its internal temperature distribu-tion. When compared to the results of numerical simulations, our theory exhibits a good predictive power for sufficiently small values of the Capillary and Weissenberg numbers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105168
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
Volume324
Early online date9 Dec 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • thermocapillary flow
  • viscoelastic fluid
  • droplet migration
  • perturbation analysis
  • Oldroyd-B fluid

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