Creating advanced multifunctional biosensors with surface enzymatic transformations

H.J. Lee, A.W. Wark, R.M. Corn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Citations (Scopus)


This paper summarizes our recent work on the coupling of surface enzyme chemistry and bioaffinity interactions on biopolymer microarrays for the creation of multiplexed biosensors with enhanced selectivity and sensitivity. The
surface sensitive techniques of surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) and surface plasmon fluorescence spectroscopy (SPFS) are used to detect the surface enzymatic transformations in real time. Three specific examples of novel coupled
surface bioaffinity/surface enzymatic processes are demonstrated: (i) a surface enzymatic amplification method utilizing the enzyme ribonuclease H (RNase H) in conjunction with RNA microarrays that permits the ultrasensitive direct
detection of genomic DNA at a concentration of 1 fM without labeling or PCR amplification, (ii) the use of RNADNA ligation chemistry to create renewable RNA microarrays from single stranded DNA microarrays, and (iii) the application of T7RNApolymerase for the on-chip replication ofRNAfrom double strandedDNAmicroarray elements. In addition, a simple yet powerful theoretical framework that includes the contributions of both enzyme adsorption
and surface enzyme kinetics is used to quantitate surface enzyme reactivity. This model is successfully applied to SPRI and SPFS measurements of surface hydrolysis reactions of RNase H and Exonuclease III (Exo III) on oligonucleotide
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5241-5250
Number of pages10
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2006


  • surface enzymatic transformations
  • creating
  • advanced
  • multifunctional biosensors
  • enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy
  • resonance imaging measurements
  • label-free detections
  • plasmon resonance
  • dna microarrays
  • rna microarrays
  • real-time
  • ultrasensitive detection
  • point mutations
  • kinetics

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