Coupled thermo-mechanical modelling of friction stir welding

Hongjun Li, Donald Mackenzie

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Paper presented at the 2007 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, 22-26 July, San Antonio, Texas USA. The significant development in welding technology for the last decade is the emergence of Friction Stir Welding (FSW). This paper investigates the thermo-mechanical phenomena involved in the FSW welded plates by Finite Element Analysis. The numerical models are fully thermo-mechanically coupled in that heat generated by material plastic deformation and temperature dependent mechanical material properties are taken into account. The whole FSW process is divided into three distinct stages: plunge, dwell and transverse. The transient temperature, stress and velocity of material particles around the tool are reported from the numerical models. It is found that temperature plays an important role in obtaining a sound weld, and only when a proper temperature field is established can the FSW process proceed to next stage. It is also found that it is not possible to fully simulate the FSW process using the ALE formulation without full remeshing during the travel stage of the process due to excessive element distortion.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2007 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
EditorsIT Kisisel
Place of PublicationNew York
Pages193-201
Number of pages9
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
EventPressure Vessels and Piping Conference of the American-Society-of-Mechanical-Engineers - San Antonio, United States
Duration: 22 Jul 200726 Jul 2007

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Pressure Vesels and Piping Conference
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
Volume5

Conference

ConferencePressure Vessels and Piping Conference of the American-Society-of-Mechanical-Engineers
CountryUnited States
CitySan Antonio
Period22/07/0726/07/07

Fingerprint

Friction stir welding
Numerical models
Pressure vessels
Temperature
Plastic deformation
Materials properties
Welding
Welds
Temperature distribution
Acoustic waves
Finite element method

Keywords

  • friction stir welding
  • numerical modelling
  • thermomechanical
  • FSW

Cite this

Li, H., & Mackenzie, D. (2007). Coupled thermo-mechanical modelling of friction stir welding. In IT. Kisisel (Ed.), Proceedings of the 2007 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (Vol. 5, pp. 193-201). (Proceedings of the ASME Pressure Vesels and Piping Conference; Vol. 5). New York. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2007-26267
Li, Hongjun ; Mackenzie, Donald. / Coupled thermo-mechanical modelling of friction stir welding. Proceedings of the 2007 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. editor / IT Kisisel. Vol. 5 New York, 2007. pp. 193-201 (Proceedings of the ASME Pressure Vesels and Piping Conference).
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Li, H & Mackenzie, D 2007, Coupled thermo-mechanical modelling of friction stir welding. in IT Kisisel (ed.), Proceedings of the 2007 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. vol. 5, Proceedings of the ASME Pressure Vesels and Piping Conference, vol. 5, New York, pp. 193-201, Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference of the American-Society-of-Mechanical-Engineers, San Antonio, United States, 22/07/07. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2007-26267

Coupled thermo-mechanical modelling of friction stir welding. / Li, Hongjun; Mackenzie, Donald.

Proceedings of the 2007 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. ed. / IT Kisisel. Vol. 5 New York, 2007. p. 193-201 (Proceedings of the ASME Pressure Vesels and Piping Conference; Vol. 5).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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T1 - Coupled thermo-mechanical modelling of friction stir welding

AU - Li, Hongjun

AU - Mackenzie, Donald

PY - 2007

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N2 - Paper presented at the 2007 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, 22-26 July, San Antonio, Texas USA. The significant development in welding technology for the last decade is the emergence of Friction Stir Welding (FSW). This paper investigates the thermo-mechanical phenomena involved in the FSW welded plates by Finite Element Analysis. The numerical models are fully thermo-mechanically coupled in that heat generated by material plastic deformation and temperature dependent mechanical material properties are taken into account. The whole FSW process is divided into three distinct stages: plunge, dwell and transverse. The transient temperature, stress and velocity of material particles around the tool are reported from the numerical models. It is found that temperature plays an important role in obtaining a sound weld, and only when a proper temperature field is established can the FSW process proceed to next stage. It is also found that it is not possible to fully simulate the FSW process using the ALE formulation without full remeshing during the travel stage of the process due to excessive element distortion.

AB - Paper presented at the 2007 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, 22-26 July, San Antonio, Texas USA. The significant development in welding technology for the last decade is the emergence of Friction Stir Welding (FSW). This paper investigates the thermo-mechanical phenomena involved in the FSW welded plates by Finite Element Analysis. The numerical models are fully thermo-mechanically coupled in that heat generated by material plastic deformation and temperature dependent mechanical material properties are taken into account. The whole FSW process is divided into three distinct stages: plunge, dwell and transverse. The transient temperature, stress and velocity of material particles around the tool are reported from the numerical models. It is found that temperature plays an important role in obtaining a sound weld, and only when a proper temperature field is established can the FSW process proceed to next stage. It is also found that it is not possible to fully simulate the FSW process using the ALE formulation without full remeshing during the travel stage of the process due to excessive element distortion.

KW - friction stir welding

KW - numerical modelling

KW - thermomechanical

KW - FSW

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Li H, Mackenzie D. Coupled thermo-mechanical modelling of friction stir welding. In Kisisel IT, editor, Proceedings of the 2007 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Vol. 5. New York. 2007. p. 193-201. (Proceedings of the ASME Pressure Vesels and Piping Conference). https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2007-26267