Counter-protective role for interleukin-5 during acute Toxoplasma Gondii infection

M.B. Nickdel, F. Roberts, F. Brombacher, J. Alexander, C.W. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of interleukin-5 (IL-5) during Toxoplasma gondii infection was investigated by comparing disease progression in IL-5 gene deficient (IL-5-/-) mice and their wild-type (WT) counterparts on a C57BL/6 background. IL-5-/- mice infected orally with T. gondii were less susceptible to infection than WT mice as demonstrated by reduced mortality rates. Consistent with this data, orally infected IL-5-/- mice had less severe pathological changes in their small intestines than WT mice at 8 days postinfection. At this time, splenocytes and mesenteric lymph node cells derived from IL-5-/- mice produced levels of IL-12, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), IL-4, IL-10, and nitric oxide (measured as nitrite) similar to those derived from WT mice when stimulated with Toxoplasma lysate antigen. However, peak serum IL-12 and IFN-gamma levels (at days 6 and 8, respectively) were significantly higher in IL-5-/- mice than in WT mice. In addition, WT mice but not IL-5-/- mice had raised levels of eosinophils in their peripheral blood between days 5 and 8 following infection. Oral administration of N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl (from day 4 postinfection) increased mortality rates in both IL-5-/- and WT mice, indicating a protective role for nitric oxide during the early stages of oral T. gondii infection. In comparison with oral infection, no difference in mortality was observed between IL-5-/- and WT mice following intraperitoneal infection with T. gondii, with all mice surviving until 35 days postinfection. Similarly, no significant differences were observed in the severity of the meningitis, perivascular cuffing, or number of microglial nodules or parasites in the brains of intraperitoneally infected mice. Together, these results demonstrate a detrimental role for IL-5 during the early stage of oral infection with T. gondii which is associated with increased small-intestine pathology, eosinophilia, and reduced plasma IL-12 and IFN-gamma levels.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1044-1052
Number of pages9
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2001

Fingerprint

Toxoplasmosis
Interleukin-5
Oral Stage
Interleukin-12
Interferon-gamma
Toxoplasma
Small Intestine
Mortality
Nitric Oxide
Infection
Nitroarginine
Eosinophilia
Nitrites
Meningitis
Eosinophils
Interleukin-4
Interleukin-10
Oral Administration
Disease Progression

Keywords

  • Interleukin-5
  • Toxoplasma Gondii
  • infection
  • immunity
  • disease

Cite this

@article{1a6609cd185c41dca7e147b44f444d7f,
title = "Counter-protective role for interleukin-5 during acute Toxoplasma Gondii infection",
abstract = "The role of interleukin-5 (IL-5) during Toxoplasma gondii infection was investigated by comparing disease progression in IL-5 gene deficient (IL-5-/-) mice and their wild-type (WT) counterparts on a C57BL/6 background. IL-5-/- mice infected orally with T. gondii were less susceptible to infection than WT mice as demonstrated by reduced mortality rates. Consistent with this data, orally infected IL-5-/- mice had less severe pathological changes in their small intestines than WT mice at 8 days postinfection. At this time, splenocytes and mesenteric lymph node cells derived from IL-5-/- mice produced levels of IL-12, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), IL-4, IL-10, and nitric oxide (measured as nitrite) similar to those derived from WT mice when stimulated with Toxoplasma lysate antigen. However, peak serum IL-12 and IFN-gamma levels (at days 6 and 8, respectively) were significantly higher in IL-5-/- mice than in WT mice. In addition, WT mice but not IL-5-/- mice had raised levels of eosinophils in their peripheral blood between days 5 and 8 following infection. Oral administration of N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl (from day 4 postinfection) increased mortality rates in both IL-5-/- and WT mice, indicating a protective role for nitric oxide during the early stages of oral T. gondii infection. In comparison with oral infection, no difference in mortality was observed between IL-5-/- and WT mice following intraperitoneal infection with T. gondii, with all mice surviving until 35 days postinfection. Similarly, no significant differences were observed in the severity of the meningitis, perivascular cuffing, or number of microglial nodules or parasites in the brains of intraperitoneally infected mice. Together, these results demonstrate a detrimental role for IL-5 during the early stage of oral infection with T. gondii which is associated with increased small-intestine pathology, eosinophilia, and reduced plasma IL-12 and IFN-gamma levels.",
keywords = "Interleukin-5, Toxoplasma Gondii, infection, immunity, disease",
author = "M.B. Nickdel and F. Roberts and F. Brombacher and J. Alexander and C.W. Roberts",
year = "2001",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1128/IAI.69.2.1044-1052.2001",
language = "English",
volume = "69",
pages = "1044--1052",
journal = "Infection and Immunity",
issn = "0019-9567",
number = "2",

}

Counter-protective role for interleukin-5 during acute Toxoplasma Gondii infection. / Nickdel, M.B.; Roberts, F.; Brombacher, F.; Alexander, J.; Roberts, C.W.

In: Infection and Immunity, Vol. 69, No. 2, 02.2001, p. 1044-1052.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Counter-protective role for interleukin-5 during acute Toxoplasma Gondii infection

AU - Nickdel, M.B.

AU - Roberts, F.

AU - Brombacher, F.

AU - Alexander, J.

AU - Roberts, C.W.

PY - 2001/2

Y1 - 2001/2

N2 - The role of interleukin-5 (IL-5) during Toxoplasma gondii infection was investigated by comparing disease progression in IL-5 gene deficient (IL-5-/-) mice and their wild-type (WT) counterparts on a C57BL/6 background. IL-5-/- mice infected orally with T. gondii were less susceptible to infection than WT mice as demonstrated by reduced mortality rates. Consistent with this data, orally infected IL-5-/- mice had less severe pathological changes in their small intestines than WT mice at 8 days postinfection. At this time, splenocytes and mesenteric lymph node cells derived from IL-5-/- mice produced levels of IL-12, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), IL-4, IL-10, and nitric oxide (measured as nitrite) similar to those derived from WT mice when stimulated with Toxoplasma lysate antigen. However, peak serum IL-12 and IFN-gamma levels (at days 6 and 8, respectively) were significantly higher in IL-5-/- mice than in WT mice. In addition, WT mice but not IL-5-/- mice had raised levels of eosinophils in their peripheral blood between days 5 and 8 following infection. Oral administration of N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl (from day 4 postinfection) increased mortality rates in both IL-5-/- and WT mice, indicating a protective role for nitric oxide during the early stages of oral T. gondii infection. In comparison with oral infection, no difference in mortality was observed between IL-5-/- and WT mice following intraperitoneal infection with T. gondii, with all mice surviving until 35 days postinfection. Similarly, no significant differences were observed in the severity of the meningitis, perivascular cuffing, or number of microglial nodules or parasites in the brains of intraperitoneally infected mice. Together, these results demonstrate a detrimental role for IL-5 during the early stage of oral infection with T. gondii which is associated with increased small-intestine pathology, eosinophilia, and reduced plasma IL-12 and IFN-gamma levels.

AB - The role of interleukin-5 (IL-5) during Toxoplasma gondii infection was investigated by comparing disease progression in IL-5 gene deficient (IL-5-/-) mice and their wild-type (WT) counterparts on a C57BL/6 background. IL-5-/- mice infected orally with T. gondii were less susceptible to infection than WT mice as demonstrated by reduced mortality rates. Consistent with this data, orally infected IL-5-/- mice had less severe pathological changes in their small intestines than WT mice at 8 days postinfection. At this time, splenocytes and mesenteric lymph node cells derived from IL-5-/- mice produced levels of IL-12, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), IL-4, IL-10, and nitric oxide (measured as nitrite) similar to those derived from WT mice when stimulated with Toxoplasma lysate antigen. However, peak serum IL-12 and IFN-gamma levels (at days 6 and 8, respectively) were significantly higher in IL-5-/- mice than in WT mice. In addition, WT mice but not IL-5-/- mice had raised levels of eosinophils in their peripheral blood between days 5 and 8 following infection. Oral administration of N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl (from day 4 postinfection) increased mortality rates in both IL-5-/- and WT mice, indicating a protective role for nitric oxide during the early stages of oral T. gondii infection. In comparison with oral infection, no difference in mortality was observed between IL-5-/- and WT mice following intraperitoneal infection with T. gondii, with all mice surviving until 35 days postinfection. Similarly, no significant differences were observed in the severity of the meningitis, perivascular cuffing, or number of microglial nodules or parasites in the brains of intraperitoneally infected mice. Together, these results demonstrate a detrimental role for IL-5 during the early stage of oral infection with T. gondii which is associated with increased small-intestine pathology, eosinophilia, and reduced plasma IL-12 and IFN-gamma levels.

KW - Interleukin-5

KW - Toxoplasma Gondii

KW - infection

KW - immunity

KW - disease

U2 - 10.1128/IAI.69.2.1044-1052.2001

DO - 10.1128/IAI.69.2.1044-1052.2001

M3 - Article

VL - 69

SP - 1044

EP - 1052

JO - Infection and Immunity

T2 - Infection and Immunity

JF - Infection and Immunity

SN - 0019-9567

IS - 2

ER -