Corrosion behaviour and characterisation of iron in hot flowing Bayer liquors

Q Lu, M M Stack, C R Wiseman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The flow-induced corrosion of iron, in spent Bayer liquor at high temperatures, was investigated using a rotating cylinder electrode (RCE) in an autoclave facility. A temperature range of 100 degreesC to 230 degreesC and equivalent pipe velocities between 0.84 ms(-1) to 3 ms(-1) were used in this work. Techniques, such as, weight loss, ac impedance, potential measurements and electron microscopy were used to characterise corrosion behaviour during the experiments and also any surface corrosion products formed.
Corrosion rates measured by weight loss were in good agreement with those obtained through ac impedance measurements. The results showed evidence of a peak in the corrosion rate with increasing temperature for iron. Such peaks were also observed as a function of increasing velocity.

The effects of these variables were demonstrated by constructing a corrosion map in which regions of "high", "medium" and "low" corrosion rate for the material, under specific conditions, were identified. This method may be a useful way of providing a guide to optimise the process conditions when using materials in high temperature alkaline flowing environments such as those found in Bayer plants.

LanguageEnglish
Pages705-711
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials and Corrosion-Werkstoffe und Korrosion
Volume51
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2000

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corrosion
iron
rotating cylinders
autoclaves
impedance measurement
electron microscopy
impedance
microscopy
temperature
electrodes
products

Keywords

  • carbon-steel
  • erosion
  • impedance

Cite this

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Corrosion behaviour and characterisation of iron in hot flowing Bayer liquors. / Lu, Q ; Stack, M M ; Wiseman, C R .

In: Materials and Corrosion-Werkstoffe und Korrosion, Vol. 51, No. 10, 10.2000, p. 705-711.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Wiseman, C R

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AB - The flow-induced corrosion of iron, in spent Bayer liquor at high temperatures, was investigated using a rotating cylinder electrode (RCE) in an autoclave facility. A temperature range of 100 degreesC to 230 degreesC and equivalent pipe velocities between 0.84 ms(-1) to 3 ms(-1) were used in this work. Techniques, such as, weight loss, ac impedance, potential measurements and electron microscopy were used to characterise corrosion behaviour during the experiments and also any surface corrosion products formed. Corrosion rates measured by weight loss were in good agreement with those obtained through ac impedance measurements. The results showed evidence of a peak in the corrosion rate with increasing temperature for iron. Such peaks were also observed as a function of increasing velocity. The effects of these variables were demonstrated by constructing a corrosion map in which regions of "high", "medium" and "low" corrosion rate for the material, under specific conditions, were identified. This method may be a useful way of providing a guide to optimise the process conditions when using materials in high temperature alkaline flowing environments such as those found in Bayer plants.

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