Coordinated control of parallel DR-HVDC and MMC-HVDC systems for offshore wind energy transmission

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Abstract

Parallel operation of diode rectifier based high-voltage direct current (DR-HVDC) and modular multilevel converter (MMC) based HVDC (MMC-HVDC) for transmitting offshore wind energy is investigated in this paper. An enhanced active power control scheme of the offshore MMC station is proposed to improve the power flow distribution between the MMC-HVDC and DR-HVDC links which are both connected to the offshore wind farm AC network. By regulating the offshore voltage, all the wind powers are transmitted via the DR-HVDC link in low wind conditions while the offshore MMC power is controlled around zero to reduce transmission losses, considering the efficiency superiority of DR-HVDC over its MMC counterpart. When the DR-HVDC is out of service, wind energy is transferred via the MMC-HVDC and the wind turbine generated power is automatically limited by slightly increasing the offshore AC voltage to avoid potential MMC-HVDC overload. A power curtailment control is also proposed which slightly increases the DC voltage of the DR-HVDC to enable autonomous reduction of the generated wind power so as to avoid DR-HVDC overload during MMC-HVDC outage. The proposed coordinated control only uses local measurements and, without the need for communication, can seamlessly handle transitions including various faults. The proposed scheme enables fault ride-through operation and provides a high efficient solution with flexible operation for integrating large offshore wind farms. Simulation results confirm the proposed control strategy.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1-11
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics
Early online date25 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Jul 2019

Fingerprint

Wind power
Diodes
Electric potential
Offshore wind farms
Power control
Power converters
Outages
Wind turbines
Communication

Keywords

  • coordinated control
  • diode rectifier based HVDC (DR-HVDC)
  • fault ride-through
  • modular multilevel converter (MMC) based HVDC (MMC-HVDC)
  • offshore wind farms
  • parallel operation
  • power flow distribution

Cite this

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title = "Coordinated control of parallel DR-HVDC and MMC-HVDC systems for offshore wind energy transmission",
abstract = "Parallel operation of diode rectifier based high-voltage direct current (DR-HVDC) and modular multilevel converter (MMC) based HVDC (MMC-HVDC) for transmitting offshore wind energy is investigated in this paper. An enhanced active power control scheme of the offshore MMC station is proposed to improve the power flow distribution between the MMC-HVDC and DR-HVDC links which are both connected to the offshore wind farm AC network. By regulating the offshore voltage, all the wind powers are transmitted via the DR-HVDC link in low wind conditions while the offshore MMC power is controlled around zero to reduce transmission losses, considering the efficiency superiority of DR-HVDC over its MMC counterpart. When the DR-HVDC is out of service, wind energy is transferred via the MMC-HVDC and the wind turbine generated power is automatically limited by slightly increasing the offshore AC voltage to avoid potential MMC-HVDC overload. A power curtailment control is also proposed which slightly increases the DC voltage of the DR-HVDC to enable autonomous reduction of the generated wind power so as to avoid DR-HVDC overload during MMC-HVDC outage. The proposed coordinated control only uses local measurements and, without the need for communication, can seamlessly handle transitions including various faults. The proposed scheme enables fault ride-through operation and provides a high efficient solution with flexible operation for integrating large offshore wind farms. Simulation results confirm the proposed control strategy.",
keywords = "coordinated control, diode rectifier based HVDC (DR-HVDC), fault ride-through, modular multilevel converter (MMC) based HVDC (MMC-HVDC), offshore wind farms, parallel operation, power flow distribution",
author = "Rui Li and Lujie Yu and Lie Xu and Adam, {Grain Philip}",
note = "{\circledC} 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
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doi = "10.1109/JESTPE.2019.2931197",
language = "English",
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journal = "IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics",
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AU - Li, Rui

AU - Yu, Lujie

AU - Xu, Lie

AU - Adam, Grain Philip

N1 - © 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

PY - 2019/7/25

Y1 - 2019/7/25

N2 - Parallel operation of diode rectifier based high-voltage direct current (DR-HVDC) and modular multilevel converter (MMC) based HVDC (MMC-HVDC) for transmitting offshore wind energy is investigated in this paper. An enhanced active power control scheme of the offshore MMC station is proposed to improve the power flow distribution between the MMC-HVDC and DR-HVDC links which are both connected to the offshore wind farm AC network. By regulating the offshore voltage, all the wind powers are transmitted via the DR-HVDC link in low wind conditions while the offshore MMC power is controlled around zero to reduce transmission losses, considering the efficiency superiority of DR-HVDC over its MMC counterpart. When the DR-HVDC is out of service, wind energy is transferred via the MMC-HVDC and the wind turbine generated power is automatically limited by slightly increasing the offshore AC voltage to avoid potential MMC-HVDC overload. A power curtailment control is also proposed which slightly increases the DC voltage of the DR-HVDC to enable autonomous reduction of the generated wind power so as to avoid DR-HVDC overload during MMC-HVDC outage. The proposed coordinated control only uses local measurements and, without the need for communication, can seamlessly handle transitions including various faults. The proposed scheme enables fault ride-through operation and provides a high efficient solution with flexible operation for integrating large offshore wind farms. Simulation results confirm the proposed control strategy.

AB - Parallel operation of diode rectifier based high-voltage direct current (DR-HVDC) and modular multilevel converter (MMC) based HVDC (MMC-HVDC) for transmitting offshore wind energy is investigated in this paper. An enhanced active power control scheme of the offshore MMC station is proposed to improve the power flow distribution between the MMC-HVDC and DR-HVDC links which are both connected to the offshore wind farm AC network. By regulating the offshore voltage, all the wind powers are transmitted via the DR-HVDC link in low wind conditions while the offshore MMC power is controlled around zero to reduce transmission losses, considering the efficiency superiority of DR-HVDC over its MMC counterpart. When the DR-HVDC is out of service, wind energy is transferred via the MMC-HVDC and the wind turbine generated power is automatically limited by slightly increasing the offshore AC voltage to avoid potential MMC-HVDC overload. A power curtailment control is also proposed which slightly increases the DC voltage of the DR-HVDC to enable autonomous reduction of the generated wind power so as to avoid DR-HVDC overload during MMC-HVDC outage. The proposed coordinated control only uses local measurements and, without the need for communication, can seamlessly handle transitions including various faults. The proposed scheme enables fault ride-through operation and provides a high efficient solution with flexible operation for integrating large offshore wind farms. Simulation results confirm the proposed control strategy.

KW - coordinated control

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KW - fault ride-through

KW - modular multilevel converter (MMC) based HVDC (MMC-HVDC)

KW - offshore wind farms

KW - parallel operation

KW - power flow distribution

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JO - IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics

T2 - IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics

JF - IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics

SN - 2168-6777

ER -