Cool to warm white light emission from hybrid inorganic/organic light-emitting diodes

Elaine Taylor-Shaw, Enrico Angioni, Neil J. Findlay, Benjamin Breig, Anto R. Inigo, Jochen Bruckbauer, David J. Wallis, Peter J. Skabara, Robert W. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)
114 Downloads (Pure)


The synthesis and characterisation of two novel organic down-converting molecules is disclosed, together with their performance as functional colour-converters in combination with inorganic blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Each molecule contains two fluorene-triphenylamine arms, connected to either a benzothiadiazole or bisbenzothiadiazole core. These molecules have been selected on the basis that they are free from absorption bands in the green region of the visible spectrum to maximise their performance and offer improvements compared with previous BODIPY-containing analogues. The inorganic InGaN/GaN LED emits at 444 nm, overlying the absorption of each of the organic molecules. The combination of the blue (inorganic) and yellow (organic) emission is shown to produce reasonable quality, white light-emitting hybrid devices for both down-converter molecules. Cool to warm white light is achieved for both molecules by increasing the concentration. An optimum colour rendering index (CRI) value of 66 is obtained for the mono-benzothiadiazole molecule. Also a high blue-to-white efficacy (defined as white luminous flux (lm)/blue radiant flux (W)) of 368 lm/W is achieved, superseding the current phosphor converters of 200-300 lm/W. A comparison of these down-converting molecules to the older generation BODIPY-containing molecules is also provided.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11499-11507
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry. C
Issue number48
Early online date28 Nov 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Nov 2016


  • light-emitting diodes (LEDs)
  • organic down-converting molecules
  • light emission
  • c InGaN/GaN LED


Dive into the research topics of 'Cool to warm white light emission from hybrid inorganic/organic light-emitting diodes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this