Construction and evaluation of an optical medium voltage transducer module aimed at a 132 kV optical voltage sensor for WAMPAC systems

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Abstract

This paper reports on the construction and characterization of an optical voltage transducer module for applications in the field of wide-area monitoring, protection, and control (WAMPAC). The optical medium voltage transducer (MVT) module was designed to be combined with a capacitive voltage divider (CVD) to form a voltage sensor intended for 132 kV high voltage (HV) networks. The MVT module comprises a combination of a piezoelectric transducer (PZT) and a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) as a core optical sensing element. Changes in the input voltage across the PZT translate into strain being detected by the FBG. The resultant FBG peak wavelength can be calibrated in terms of the input voltage to obtain a precise voltage measurement. The module was experimentally evaluated in the laboratory, and its performance was assessed based on the requirements specified by the IEC standards for electronic voltage transformers and low power voltage transformers. The results of accuracy tests demonstrate that the MVT module is free from hysteresis, within the experimental error, and is capable of simultaneously meeting the requirements for 0.1 metering and 1P protection classes specified by the IEC 60044-7 and IEC 61869-11 standards.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5307
Pages (from-to)5307
Number of pages14
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Volume22
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • fiber Bragg grating
  • optical voltage sensor
  • piezoelectric transducer
  • capacitive voltage divider
  • power network instrumentation

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