Constitutional Implications of COVID-19 : Operation of PMQs* Pre and Post-COVID-19: House of Lords Constitution Committee : Inquiry into the Constitutional Implications of COVID-19

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Our previous research has shown methodological flaws in empirical assessment of Prime Minister’s Questions (PMQs). Primarily, previous research has looked at the rate of questions (and answers) using the averages across sessions. However, though the session is intended to run for a 30-minute interval, in practice this often has exceeded this period, often running for 45 minutes or more on occasions. Applying a control for duration, we weight the frequencies of recorded behaviour during the procedure based on occurrences per 1000 words, comparing across sessions pre and post-COVID-19.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2020


  • COVID-19
  • UK Parliament
  • Prime Minister's Questions
  • constitutional arrangements

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