Condensed phase reactions during thermal deconstruction

Jake K. Lindstrom, Alexander Shaw, Xiaolei Zhang, Robert C. Brown

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter explores condensed phase reactions important to thermal deconstruction, first by noting common physical and chemical transformations among different thermochemical processes. It attempts to unify a wide spectrum of thermochemical processes in terms of the fundamental thermal deconstruction mechanisms that occur in the condensed phase of biomass. Thermal deconstruction of biomass is integral to several kinds of processes for which heat is the driving force of physical and chemical transformations. Many of the most important transformations occur in the condensed phase – with solid biomass depolymerizing and decomposing into liquids, vapors, gases, and solid residue – although secondary reactions of vaporized species can also be important in determining the ultimate yields of products. Despite similarities, thermochemical processes can be categorized according to whether the principal products are gases (combustion and gasification), liquids (pyrolysis and solvent liquefaction), or solids (torrefaction and slow pyrolysis), although they all produce smaller amounts of the other products as well.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationThermochemical Processing of Biomass
Subtitle of host publicationConversion into Fuels, chemicals and Power
EditorsRobert C. Brown
Place of PublicationChicester
Chapter2
Pages17-48
Number of pages32
Edition2nd
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

pyrolysis
biomass
liquid
liquefaction
gas
product
chemical
gasification
combustion gas

Keywords

  • thermal deconstruction
  • biomass
  • thermal conversion

Cite this

Lindstrom, J. K., Shaw, A., Zhang, X., & Brown, R. C. (2019). Condensed phase reactions during thermal deconstruction. In R. C. Brown (Ed.), Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, chemicals and Power (2nd ed., pp. 17-48). Chicester.
Lindstrom, Jake K. ; Shaw, Alexander ; Zhang, Xiaolei ; Brown, Robert C. / Condensed phase reactions during thermal deconstruction. Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, chemicals and Power. editor / Robert C. Brown. 2nd. ed. Chicester, 2019. pp. 17-48
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Lindstrom, JK, Shaw, A, Zhang, X & Brown, RC 2019, Condensed phase reactions during thermal deconstruction. in RC Brown (ed.), Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, chemicals and Power. 2nd edn, Chicester, pp. 17-48.

Condensed phase reactions during thermal deconstruction. / Lindstrom, Jake K.; Shaw, Alexander; Zhang, Xiaolei; Brown, Robert C.

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, chemicals and Power. ed. / Robert C. Brown. 2nd. ed. Chicester, 2019. p. 17-48.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Condensed phase reactions during thermal deconstruction

AU - Lindstrom, Jake K.

AU - Shaw, Alexander

AU - Zhang, Xiaolei

AU - Brown, Robert C.

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N2 - This chapter explores condensed phase reactions important to thermal deconstruction, first by noting common physical and chemical transformations among different thermochemical processes. It attempts to unify a wide spectrum of thermochemical processes in terms of the fundamental thermal deconstruction mechanisms that occur in the condensed phase of biomass. Thermal deconstruction of biomass is integral to several kinds of processes for which heat is the driving force of physical and chemical transformations. Many of the most important transformations occur in the condensed phase – with solid biomass depolymerizing and decomposing into liquids, vapors, gases, and solid residue – although secondary reactions of vaporized species can also be important in determining the ultimate yields of products. Despite similarities, thermochemical processes can be categorized according to whether the principal products are gases (combustion and gasification), liquids (pyrolysis and solvent liquefaction), or solids (torrefaction and slow pyrolysis), although they all produce smaller amounts of the other products as well.

AB - This chapter explores condensed phase reactions important to thermal deconstruction, first by noting common physical and chemical transformations among different thermochemical processes. It attempts to unify a wide spectrum of thermochemical processes in terms of the fundamental thermal deconstruction mechanisms that occur in the condensed phase of biomass. Thermal deconstruction of biomass is integral to several kinds of processes for which heat is the driving force of physical and chemical transformations. Many of the most important transformations occur in the condensed phase – with solid biomass depolymerizing and decomposing into liquids, vapors, gases, and solid residue – although secondary reactions of vaporized species can also be important in determining the ultimate yields of products. Despite similarities, thermochemical processes can be categorized according to whether the principal products are gases (combustion and gasification), liquids (pyrolysis and solvent liquefaction), or solids (torrefaction and slow pyrolysis), although they all produce smaller amounts of the other products as well.

KW - thermal deconstruction

KW - biomass

KW - thermal conversion

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M3 - Chapter

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BT - Thermochemical Processing of Biomass

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Lindstrom JK, Shaw A, Zhang X, Brown RC. Condensed phase reactions during thermal deconstruction. In Brown RC, editor, Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, chemicals and Power. 2nd ed. Chicester. 2019. p. 17-48