Conceptual design and numerical analysis of a novel floating desalination plant powered by marine renewable energy for Egypt

Islam Amin, Mohamed E.A. Ali, Seif Bayoumi, Selda Oterkus, Hosam Shawky , Erkan Oterkus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The supply of freshwater has become a worldwide interest, due to serious water shortages in many countries. Due to rapid increases in the population, poor water management, and limitations of freshwater resources, Egypt is currently below the water scarcity limit. Since Egypt has approximately 3000 km of coastlines on both the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, seawater desalination powered by marine renewable energy could be a sustainable alternative solution, especially for remote coastal cities which are located far from the national water grid. The objective of this research work is to evaluate the feasibility of a floating desalination plant (FDP) concept powered by marine renewable energy for Egypt. A novel design of the FDP concept is developed as an innovative solution to overcome the freshwater shortage of remote coastal cities in Egypt. A mobile floating platform supported by reverse osmosis (RO) membrane powered by marine renewable power technology is proposed. Based on the abundant solar irradiation and sufficient wind density, Ras Ghareb was selected to be the base site location for the proposed FDP concept. According to the collected data from the selected location, a hybrid solar–wind system was designed to power the FDP concept under a maximum power load condition. A numerical tool, the DNV-GL Sesam software package, was used for static stability, hydrodynamic performance, and dynamic response evaluation. Moreover, WAVE software was used to design and simulate the operation of the RO desalination system and calculate the power consumption for the proposed FDP concept. The results show that the proposed mobile FDP concept is highly suitable for being implemented in remote coastal areas in Egypt, without the need for infrastructure or connection to the national grid for both water and power.
Original languageEnglish
Article number95
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Feb 2020

Fingerprint

Desalination
Conceptual design
Numerical analysis
energy
desalination
Reverse osmosis
software
Water
water
research work
dynamic response
Osmosis membranes
desalination plant
analysis
water management
Water management
irradiation
Hybrid systems
hydrodynamics
Seawater

Keywords

  • desalination
  • floating desalination plant
  • hybrid renewable energy systems
  • marine renewable energy
  • offshore marine platform

Cite this

@article{49579068702e4d4cb6a920f14fee0160,
title = "Conceptual design and numerical analysis of a novel floating desalination plant powered by marine renewable energy for Egypt",
abstract = "The supply of freshwater has become a worldwide interest, due to serious water shortages in many countries. Due to rapid increases in the population, poor water management, and limitations of freshwater resources, Egypt is currently below the water scarcity limit. Since Egypt has approximately 3000 km of coastlines on both the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, seawater desalination powered by marine renewable energy could be a sustainable alternative solution, especially for remote coastal cities which are located far from the national water grid. The objective of this research work is to evaluate the feasibility of a floating desalination plant (FDP) concept powered by marine renewable energy for Egypt. A novel design of the FDP concept is developed as an innovative solution to overcome the freshwater shortage of remote coastal cities in Egypt. A mobile floating platform supported by reverse osmosis (RO) membrane powered by marine renewable power technology is proposed. Based on the abundant solar irradiation and sufficient wind density, Ras Ghareb was selected to be the base site location for the proposed FDP concept. According to the collected data from the selected location, a hybrid solar–wind system was designed to power the FDP concept under a maximum power load condition. A numerical tool, the DNV-GL Sesam software package, was used for static stability, hydrodynamic performance, and dynamic response evaluation. Moreover, WAVE software was used to design and simulate the operation of the RO desalination system and calculate the power consumption for the proposed FDP concept. The results show that the proposed mobile FDP concept is highly suitable for being implemented in remote coastal areas in Egypt, without the need for infrastructure or connection to the national grid for both water and power.",
keywords = "desalination, floating desalination plant, hybrid renewable energy systems, marine renewable energy, offshore marine platform",
author = "Islam Amin and Ali, {Mohamed E.A.} and Seif Bayoumi and Selda Oterkus and Hosam Shawky and Erkan Oterkus",
year = "2020",
month = "2",
day = "4",
doi = "10.3390/jmse8020095",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Journal of Marine Science and Engineering",
issn = "2077-1312",
number = "2",

}

Conceptual design and numerical analysis of a novel floating desalination plant powered by marine renewable energy for Egypt. / Amin, Islam; Ali, Mohamed E.A. ; Bayoumi, Seif; Oterkus, Selda; Shawky , Hosam ; Oterkus, Erkan.

In: Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 2, 95, 04.02.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conceptual design and numerical analysis of a novel floating desalination plant powered by marine renewable energy for Egypt

AU - Amin, Islam

AU - Ali, Mohamed E.A.

AU - Bayoumi, Seif

AU - Oterkus, Selda

AU - Shawky , Hosam

AU - Oterkus, Erkan

PY - 2020/2/4

Y1 - 2020/2/4

N2 - The supply of freshwater has become a worldwide interest, due to serious water shortages in many countries. Due to rapid increases in the population, poor water management, and limitations of freshwater resources, Egypt is currently below the water scarcity limit. Since Egypt has approximately 3000 km of coastlines on both the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, seawater desalination powered by marine renewable energy could be a sustainable alternative solution, especially for remote coastal cities which are located far from the national water grid. The objective of this research work is to evaluate the feasibility of a floating desalination plant (FDP) concept powered by marine renewable energy for Egypt. A novel design of the FDP concept is developed as an innovative solution to overcome the freshwater shortage of remote coastal cities in Egypt. A mobile floating platform supported by reverse osmosis (RO) membrane powered by marine renewable power technology is proposed. Based on the abundant solar irradiation and sufficient wind density, Ras Ghareb was selected to be the base site location for the proposed FDP concept. According to the collected data from the selected location, a hybrid solar–wind system was designed to power the FDP concept under a maximum power load condition. A numerical tool, the DNV-GL Sesam software package, was used for static stability, hydrodynamic performance, and dynamic response evaluation. Moreover, WAVE software was used to design and simulate the operation of the RO desalination system and calculate the power consumption for the proposed FDP concept. The results show that the proposed mobile FDP concept is highly suitable for being implemented in remote coastal areas in Egypt, without the need for infrastructure or connection to the national grid for both water and power.

AB - The supply of freshwater has become a worldwide interest, due to serious water shortages in many countries. Due to rapid increases in the population, poor water management, and limitations of freshwater resources, Egypt is currently below the water scarcity limit. Since Egypt has approximately 3000 km of coastlines on both the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, seawater desalination powered by marine renewable energy could be a sustainable alternative solution, especially for remote coastal cities which are located far from the national water grid. The objective of this research work is to evaluate the feasibility of a floating desalination plant (FDP) concept powered by marine renewable energy for Egypt. A novel design of the FDP concept is developed as an innovative solution to overcome the freshwater shortage of remote coastal cities in Egypt. A mobile floating platform supported by reverse osmosis (RO) membrane powered by marine renewable power technology is proposed. Based on the abundant solar irradiation and sufficient wind density, Ras Ghareb was selected to be the base site location for the proposed FDP concept. According to the collected data from the selected location, a hybrid solar–wind system was designed to power the FDP concept under a maximum power load condition. A numerical tool, the DNV-GL Sesam software package, was used for static stability, hydrodynamic performance, and dynamic response evaluation. Moreover, WAVE software was used to design and simulate the operation of the RO desalination system and calculate the power consumption for the proposed FDP concept. The results show that the proposed mobile FDP concept is highly suitable for being implemented in remote coastal areas in Egypt, without the need for infrastructure or connection to the national grid for both water and power.

KW - desalination

KW - floating desalination plant

KW - hybrid renewable energy systems

KW - marine renewable energy

KW - offshore marine platform

U2 - 10.3390/jmse8020095

DO - 10.3390/jmse8020095

M3 - Article

VL - 8

JO - Journal of Marine Science and Engineering

JF - Journal of Marine Science and Engineering

SN - 2077-1312

IS - 2

M1 - 95

ER -