Compression of X-ray Free Electron Laser pulses to attosecond duration

James D. Sadler, Ricky Nathvani, Piotr Oleśkiewicz, Luke A. Ceurvorst, Naren Ratan, Muhammad F. Kasim, Raoul M. G. M. Trines, Robert Bingham, Peter A. Norreys

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Abstract

State of the art X-ray Free Electron Laser facilities currently provide the brightest X-ray pulses available, typically with mJ energy and several hundred femtosecond duration. Here we present one- and two-dimensional Particle-in-Cell simulations, utilising the process of stimulated Raman amplification, showing that these pulses are compressed to a temporally coherent, sub-femtosecond pulse at 8% efficiency. Pulses of this type may pave the way for routine time resolution of electrons in nm size potentials. Furthermore, evidence is presented that significant Landau damping and wave-breaking may be beneficial in distorting the rear of the interaction and further reducing the final pulse duration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16755
Number of pages7
JournalScientific Reports
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2015

Keywords

  • laser-produced plasmas
  • X-rays
  • X-ray Free Electron Laser
  • particle-in-cell simulations
  • stimulated Raman amplification

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    Sadler, J. D., Nathvani, R., Oleśkiewicz, P., Ceurvorst, L. A., Ratan, N., Kasim, M. F., ... Norreys, P. A. (2015). Compression of X-ray Free Electron Laser pulses to attosecond duration. Scientific Reports, 5, [16755]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep16755