Complex spatial structures due to atomic coherence

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Abstract

The coupling of diffraction and optical coherence of a three-level medium in an optical cavity is considered. Self-organisation and pattern formation due to a combination of electromagnetically induced transparency, close-to-resonance Kerr effects and diffraction is demonstrated. Self-focusing in the peaks of the resulting Turing pattern leads to localised amplification of the input pump. Spatial dissipative solitons with controllable position, dispersion and coherence are also described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1408-1416
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Modern Optics
Volume57
Issue number14-15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • atomic coherence
  • Maxwell-Bloch equations
  • electromagnetically induced transparency
  • pattern formation
  • spatial solitons
  • cooperative frequency locking
  • passive optical-systems
  • solitons
  • spontaneous emission
  • feedback mirror
  • Kerr cavity
  • absorption properties
  • laser

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