Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) sensors for fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM)

R.K. Henderson, B.R. Rae, D.-U Li

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter begins by reviewing the theory, techniques and applications of fluorescence lifetime sensing. It then looks at existing instrumentation and the ways in which CMOS technology has sought to complement these technologies by providing low-cost, robust and miniaturized sensors with increased throughput and dynamic range. A number of pixels and sensor architectures are compared with a view to future fully-integrated, lifetime imaging systems based on CMOS sensors
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHigh Performance Silicon Imaging
Subtitle of host publicationFundamentals and Applications of CMOS and CCD Sensors
Number of pages36
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2014


  • CMOS image sensor
  • fluorescence lifetime imaging
  • time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC)
  • single photon avalanche diode
  • charge coupled devices


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