Offshore wind is the major growth area in the wind industry sector today.
However, there remains a key, fundamental missing element - a thorough
understanding of the offshore wind climatology and likely wind resource. In 2008 the EU FP7 funded project NORSEWInD was created with a remit to deliver
offshore wind speed data at a nominal project hub height acquired in offshore
locations in the North, Baltic and Irish seas.
Part of the NORSEWInD project is the use of LiDAR remote sensing (RS)
systems mounted on offshore platforms to measure wind velocity profiles. The
data acquired from the offshore RS measurements are fed into a large wind
speed dataset suitable for use by the wind industry. One significant problem
identified was the effect of platform interference effects on the RS data. Another
significant effect on the quality of the data produced was the method by which the wind speed and direction was acquired as the method by which LiDARs measure the wind vector is significantly different from a point measurement. Whilst this will have no effect in a homogeneous flow field if there is significant flow distortion, which might be found in close proximity to a large structure or in complex terrain, then the effect of this spatially averaged measurement might cause a significant deviation from a point measurement.
This paper reports on the modelling of two different types of LiDAR, the Natural
Power ZephIR and the Leosphere Windcube, in a computational fluid dynamics
simulation of the flow around a large offshore structure. The paper discusses the difference in the measured wind vector when compared to a point measurement at the measurement height.
|Conference||EWEA Offshore 2011: Moving Ahead of the Energy Curve|
|Period||29/11/11 → 1/12/11|
- offshore wind energy
- Natural Power ZephIR
- Leosphere Windcube
- computational fluid dynamics simulation