Comparison of numerical approaches for structural response analysis of passenger ships in collisions and groundings

Sang Jin Kim, Ghalib Taimuri, Pentti Kujala, Fabien Conti, Hervé Le Sourne, Jean-Philippe Pineau, Thibaut Looten, Hongseok Bae, M.P. Mujeeb-Ahmed, Dracos Vassalos, Levent Kaydihan, Spyros Hirdaris

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The dynamic response of ships following grounding and collision accidents may be influenced by structural topology as well as operational and environmental conditions. Traditionally, the consequences of such events may be assessed by crude empirical methods or laborious experiments. Computational methods offer a useful alternative in terms of accurately capturing crushing mechanisms also accounting the influence of surrounding water. This paper presents a benchmark study that compares the structural dynamic response by explicit nonlinear FEA approaches and the semi-numerical super-element method. Simulations for typical accident scenarios involving passenger ships confirm that implementing the influence of hydrodynamic restoring forces in way of contact may be useful for either collision or grounding. Yet, for grounding scenarios, the damaged area resulting from analytical simulations appears to be sensitive to the failure strain values adopted to model the rupture of the ship bottom floors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103125
Number of pages21
JournalMarine Structures
Early online date26 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2022


  • ship collisions and groundings
  • fluid-structure interactions
  • dynamic response
  • FEA
  • superelement method
  • uncertainty modelling
  • ship safety


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