Comparing user and community co-production approaches in local 'welfare' and 'law and order' services: does the governance mode matter?

Elke Loeffler, Peter Timm-Arnold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Downloads (Pure)


This paper analyses the relationship between modes of governance at local level and the adoption of user and community co-production approaches in public safety and social care services, based on a German case study. The findings draw on a series of intensive focus groups with managers and staff of public services in four different regions in Germany, exploring existing levels of co-production and its potential in social care and public safety services, with particular focus on older and young people. The paper provides the first clear research evidence on how approaches to co-production are specific to the modes of governance within which they take place. The paper concludes with policy conclusions, both in the two programme areas concerned and in local public services more generally.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-137
Number of pages23
JournalPublic Policy and Administration
Issue number1
Early online date11 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • co-production
  • governance
  • public services
  • public safety

Cite this