Community conversation: addressing mental health stigma with ethnic minority communities

Lee Knifton, Mhairi Gervais, Karen Newbigging, Nuzhat Mirza, Neil Quinn, Neil Wilson, Evette Hunkins-Hutchison

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    51 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Stigma associated with mental health problems is a significant public health issue. Patterns of stigma and discrimination vary between and within communities and are related to conceptualisations of, and beliefs about, mental health. Population approaches to addressing stigma rarely consider diverse cultural understandings of mental health. 257 members of the major black and minority ethnic communities in Scotland participated in 26 mental health awareness workshops that were designed and
    delivered by community organisations. Questionnaires measuring knowledge, attitudes and behavioural intent were completed before and after the intervention. Community led approaches that acknowledge cultural constructs of mental health were received positively by community groups. The study found significant reported stigma in relation to public protection, marriage, shame and contribution, but also high levels of recovery optimism. The workshops resulted in significant positive change in relation to knowledge, attitudes and behavioural intent amongst participants, with most aspects of stigma showing significant improvement, with the exception of dangerousness. The paper argues community approaches to tackling stigma are more valuable than top-down public education and could form the basis of national initiatives.
    Refinements to the evaluation framework are considered.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)497-504
    Number of pages8
    JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
    Volume45
    Issue number4
    Early online date23 Jul 2009
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

    Keywords

    • mental
    • stigma
    • discrimination
    • ethnic minorites

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