Comic queens: Sofía and Letizia in Spain's graphic satire

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With its members subject to a series of scandals, questions of legitimacy and the desirability of retaining the Spanish monarchy have repeatedly resurfaced. Leading the charge are the country’s graphic humourists, whose confrontational attacks have been met with draconian legal retaliation under the auspices of lèse-majesté. While derision is typically directed towards Juan Carlos I and Felipe VI, what of their consorts—Emerita Sofía and Letizia Ortiz—legitimized by marriage alone? This article explores how Spain’s cartoonists have used its Queen consorts as ludic sites from which to question the value of monarchy in a country marked by enduring crisis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)819-844
Number of pages26
JournalBulletin of Spanish Studies
Issue number5-6
Early online date11 Jun 2024
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2024


  • queen consorts
  • gender
  • satirical cartoons
  • visual print media
  • humour
  • monarchy
  • aging
  • Spain
  • El Jueves
  • Orgullo y Satisfacción


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