### Abstract

A zero-interfacial-force condition is derived and implemented to improve the wetting boundary scheme for a lattice Boltzmann color-gradient model. This new wetting boundary scheme is validated by two static problems, i.e. a droplet resting on a flat surface and a cylindrical surface, and one dynamic problem, i.e. the capillary filling in a 2 dimensional (2D) channel. In these simulations, we observe that non-physical mass transfer is suppressed and spurious velocities become smaller. Meanwhile, accurate results including dynamic contact line movement are achieved on a broad range of contact angles. The model is then applied to study displacement of immiscible fluids in a 2D channel. Both the displacement velocity and the change rate of finger length are found to exhibit a linear dependence on the contact angle at the viscosity ratio of unity. The displacement velocity decreases but the change rate of finger length increases with increasing capillary number, while the displacement velocity tends to be constant, i.e. two-third of the maximum inlet velocity, at high viscosity ratios or low capillary numbers. In contrast to the displacement velocity, the change rate of finger length is negligible at high viscosity ratios or low capillary numbers, where the finger length is in an equilibrium state, while the equilibrium finger length itself is smaller at a higher viscosity ratio or a lower capillary number.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 403-404 |

Number of pages | 2 |

Journal | Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science |

Volume | 232 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Feb 2018 |

### Keywords

- color-gradient lattice Boltzmann model
- wetting boundary scheme
- interfacial force
- immiscible displacement
- contact line movement

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## Cite this

Yu, Y., Liu, H., Zhang, Y., & Liang, D. (2018). Color-gradient lattice Boltzmann modeling of immiscible two-phase flows on partially wetting surface.

*Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science*,*232*(3), 403-404. https://doi.org/10.1177/0954406218754913