Collective control strategy for a cluster of stall-regulated offshore wind turbines

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Abstract

The power converter is one of the most vulnerable components of a wind turbine. When the converter of an offshore wind turbine malfunctions, it could be difficult to resolve due to poor accessibility. A turbine generally has a dedicated controller that regulates its operation. In this paper, a collective control approach that allows a cluster of turbines to share a single converter, hence a single controller, that could be placed in a more accessible location. The resulting simplified turbines are constant-speed stall-regulated with standard asynchronous generators. Each cluster is connected by a mini-AC network, whose frequency can be varied through a centralised AC-DC-AC power converter. Potential benefits include improved reliability of each turbine due to simplification of the turbines and enhanced profit owing to improved accessibility. A cluster of 5 turbines is assessed compared to the situation with each turbine having its own converter. A collective control strategy that acts in response to the poorest control is proposed, as opposed to acting in response to the average control. The strategy is applied to a cluster model, and simulation results demonstrate that the control strategy could be more cost-effective than each turbine having its own converter, especially with optimal rotor design.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1260–1270
Number of pages11
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume85
Early online date11 Aug 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2016

Keywords

  • offshore wind farm control
  • collective control
  • wind turbine control
  • wind turbine modelling
  • stall-regulated wind turbines

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