Collagen's long half-life (in skin approximately 10 years) makes this protein highly susceptible to glycation and formation of the advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Accumulation of cross-linking AGEs in the skin collagen has several detrimental effects; thus, the opportunity for non-invasive monitoring of skin glycation is essential, especially for diabetic patients. In this paper, we report using the time-resolved intrinsic fluorescence of collagen as a biomarker of its glycation. Contrary to the traditional fluorescence intensity decay measurement at the arbitrarily selected excitation and detection wavelengths, we conducted systematic wavelength- and time-resolved measurements to achieve time-resolved emission spectra. Changes in the intrinsic fluorescence kinetics, caused by both collagen aggregation and glycation, have been detected.
- materials chemistry
- surfaces, coatings and films
- physical and theoretical chemistry