Cognitive skills and prominence production: highlighting prominent elements in the speech of patients with Parkinson's disease

Tabea Thies, Doris Muecke, Anja Lowit, Elke Kalbe, Julia Steffen, Michael Barbe

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

Patients with idiopathic parkinsonism suffer from a neurodegenerative disorder of the nervous system. Due to a progressive loss of dopaminergic cells in the substantia nigra patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) develop problems with motor and non-motor functions. On the motor level the dysfunctions defect the voluntary movements and lead to symptoms like: rigidity, resting tremor and bradykinesia [1]. On the level of cognition PD patients have problems with the executive functions, cognitive flexibility, working memory and control of attention [2]. Furthermore, the speech system gets affected which often leads to dysarthric speech. This hypokinetic dysarthria impacts the phonation, articulation and the respiratory system. The speech deficits include monoloudness, monopitch, reduced stress, imprecise articulation, variability of speech rate, disfluencies and voice tremor [3, 4, 5].PD affects communication as well as other related functions such as cognition, but complex prosodic aspects such as focus marking are less well studied. Prominence marking in German requires changes in intonation and articulation [6]. Speakers use multiple cues in the phonetic domain to regulate prosodic marking [7], e.g. modulation of F0 and syllable duration. Furthermore, there is insufficient literature on the impact of cognition on these phonetic aspects of prominence marking. The aim of this study is to analyse how prosodic prominence correlates with motoric and cognitive abilities in patients with Parkinson’s disease in the complex process of speech production.

Conference

ConferenceHanyang International Symposium on Phonetics and Cognitive Sciences of Language 2019
Abbreviated titleHISPhonCog
CountryKorea, Republic of
CitySeoul
Period24/05/1925/05/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

Parkinson Disease
Cognition
Tremor
Phonation
Dysarthria
Hypokinesia
Phonetics
Aptitude
Parkinsonian Disorders
Short-Term Memory
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Cues
Communication

Keywords

  • idiopathic parkinsonism
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • PD
  • dysarthric speech
  • speech production

Cite this

Thies, T., Muecke, D., Lowit, A., Kalbe, E., Steffen, J., & Barbe, M. (2019). Cognitive skills and prominence production: highlighting prominent elements in the speech of patients with Parkinson's disease. Abstract from Hanyang International Symposium on Phonetics and Cognitive Sciences of Language 2019, Seoul, Korea, Republic of.
Thies, Tabea ; Muecke, Doris ; Lowit, Anja ; Kalbe, Elke ; Steffen, Julia ; Barbe, Michael. / Cognitive skills and prominence production : highlighting prominent elements in the speech of patients with Parkinson's disease. Abstract from Hanyang International Symposium on Phonetics and Cognitive Sciences of Language 2019, Seoul, Korea, Republic of.
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abstract = "Patients with idiopathic parkinsonism suffer from a neurodegenerative disorder of the nervous system. Due to a progressive loss of dopaminergic cells in the substantia nigra patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) develop problems with motor and non-motor functions. On the motor level the dysfunctions defect the voluntary movements and lead to symptoms like: rigidity, resting tremor and bradykinesia [1]. On the level of cognition PD patients have problems with the executive functions, cognitive flexibility, working memory and control of attention [2]. Furthermore, the speech system gets affected which often leads to dysarthric speech. This hypokinetic dysarthria impacts the phonation, articulation and the respiratory system. The speech deficits include monoloudness, monopitch, reduced stress, imprecise articulation, variability of speech rate, disfluencies and voice tremor [3, 4, 5].PD affects communication as well as other related functions such as cognition, but complex prosodic aspects such as focus marking are less well studied. Prominence marking in German requires changes in intonation and articulation [6]. Speakers use multiple cues in the phonetic domain to regulate prosodic marking [7], e.g. modulation of F0 and syllable duration. Furthermore, there is insufficient literature on the impact of cognition on these phonetic aspects of prominence marking. The aim of this study is to analyse how prosodic prominence correlates with motoric and cognitive abilities in patients with Parkinson’s disease in the complex process of speech production.",
keywords = "idiopathic parkinsonism, Parkinson’s disease, PD, dysarthric speech, speech production",
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note = "Hanyang International Symposium on Phonetics and Cognitive Sciences of Language 2019, HISPhonCog ; Conference date: 24-05-2019 Through 25-05-2019",
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Thies, T, Muecke, D, Lowit, A, Kalbe, E, Steffen, J & Barbe, M 2019, 'Cognitive skills and prominence production: highlighting prominent elements in the speech of patients with Parkinson's disease' Hanyang International Symposium on Phonetics and Cognitive Sciences of Language 2019, Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 24/05/19 - 25/05/19, .

Cognitive skills and prominence production : highlighting prominent elements in the speech of patients with Parkinson's disease. / Thies, Tabea; Muecke, Doris; Lowit, Anja; Kalbe, Elke; Steffen, Julia ; Barbe, Michael.

2019. Abstract from Hanyang International Symposium on Phonetics and Cognitive Sciences of Language 2019, Seoul, Korea, Republic of.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

TY - CONF

T1 - Cognitive skills and prominence production

T2 - highlighting prominent elements in the speech of patients with Parkinson's disease

AU - Thies, Tabea

AU - Muecke, Doris

AU - Lowit, Anja

AU - Kalbe, Elke

AU - Steffen, Julia

AU - Barbe, Michael

PY - 2019/5/24

Y1 - 2019/5/24

N2 - Patients with idiopathic parkinsonism suffer from a neurodegenerative disorder of the nervous system. Due to a progressive loss of dopaminergic cells in the substantia nigra patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) develop problems with motor and non-motor functions. On the motor level the dysfunctions defect the voluntary movements and lead to symptoms like: rigidity, resting tremor and bradykinesia [1]. On the level of cognition PD patients have problems with the executive functions, cognitive flexibility, working memory and control of attention [2]. Furthermore, the speech system gets affected which often leads to dysarthric speech. This hypokinetic dysarthria impacts the phonation, articulation and the respiratory system. The speech deficits include monoloudness, monopitch, reduced stress, imprecise articulation, variability of speech rate, disfluencies and voice tremor [3, 4, 5].PD affects communication as well as other related functions such as cognition, but complex prosodic aspects such as focus marking are less well studied. Prominence marking in German requires changes in intonation and articulation [6]. Speakers use multiple cues in the phonetic domain to regulate prosodic marking [7], e.g. modulation of F0 and syllable duration. Furthermore, there is insufficient literature on the impact of cognition on these phonetic aspects of prominence marking. The aim of this study is to analyse how prosodic prominence correlates with motoric and cognitive abilities in patients with Parkinson’s disease in the complex process of speech production.

AB - Patients with idiopathic parkinsonism suffer from a neurodegenerative disorder of the nervous system. Due to a progressive loss of dopaminergic cells in the substantia nigra patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) develop problems with motor and non-motor functions. On the motor level the dysfunctions defect the voluntary movements and lead to symptoms like: rigidity, resting tremor and bradykinesia [1]. On the level of cognition PD patients have problems with the executive functions, cognitive flexibility, working memory and control of attention [2]. Furthermore, the speech system gets affected which often leads to dysarthric speech. This hypokinetic dysarthria impacts the phonation, articulation and the respiratory system. The speech deficits include monoloudness, monopitch, reduced stress, imprecise articulation, variability of speech rate, disfluencies and voice tremor [3, 4, 5].PD affects communication as well as other related functions such as cognition, but complex prosodic aspects such as focus marking are less well studied. Prominence marking in German requires changes in intonation and articulation [6]. Speakers use multiple cues in the phonetic domain to regulate prosodic marking [7], e.g. modulation of F0 and syllable duration. Furthermore, there is insufficient literature on the impact of cognition on these phonetic aspects of prominence marking. The aim of this study is to analyse how prosodic prominence correlates with motoric and cognitive abilities in patients with Parkinson’s disease in the complex process of speech production.

KW - idiopathic parkinsonism

KW - Parkinson’s disease

KW - PD

KW - dysarthric speech

KW - speech production

M3 - Abstract

ER -

Thies T, Muecke D, Lowit A, Kalbe E, Steffen J, Barbe M. Cognitive skills and prominence production: highlighting prominent elements in the speech of patients with Parkinson's disease. 2019. Abstract from Hanyang International Symposium on Phonetics and Cognitive Sciences of Language 2019, Seoul, Korea, Republic of.