Cognitive mediators of the effect of peer victimization on loneliness

Jennifer Catterson, Simon C. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The impact of stress on psychological adjustment may be mediated by cognitive interpretations (i.e., appraisals) of events for individuals. Defining characteristics of loneliness suggest that appraisals of blame, threat, and perceived control may be particularly important in this domain. AIMS: To evaluate the extent to which cognitive appraisals (perceived control, threat, and blame) can mediate the effect of peer victimization on loneliness. SAMPLE: One hundred and ten children (54 boys, 56 girls) aged 8-12 years attending mainstream schools in Scotland. METHOD: Self-report measures of peer victimization, appraisal, and loneliness. RESULTS: Perceived control partially mediated the effects of peer victimization on loneliness, but neither blame nor threat were mediators. All three measures of control were significantly associated with loneliness at the bivariate level, but only perceived control was significant when the appraisals were entered as predictors in a hierarchical multiple linear regression. CONCLUSIONS: The results highlight the importance of research designs assessing multiple categories of appraisal. Furthermore, they suggest that intervention efforts aiming to combat feelings of loneliness within a peer victimization context should address children's appraisals of perceived control.
LanguageEnglish
Pages403-416
Number of pages14
JournalBritish Journal of Educational Psychology
Volume80
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

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Loneliness
Crime Victims
victimization
threat
Scotland
Self Report
research planning
Linear Models
Emotions
Research Design
regression
interpretation
event
school

Keywords

  • peer victimization
  • appraisal
  • loneliness

Cite this

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Cognitive mediators of the effect of peer victimization on loneliness. / Catterson, Jennifer; Hunter, Simon C.

In: British Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 80, No. 3, 09.2010, p. 403-416.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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