CMOS sensors for fluorescence lifetime imaging

Robert K. Henderson, Bruce R. Rae, Day-Uei Li

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book


This chapter begins by reviewing the theory, techniques and applications of fl uorescence lifetime sensing. It then looks at existing instrumentation and the ways in which complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology has sought to complement these technologies by providing low cost, robust and miniaturised sensors with increased throughput and dynamic range. A number of pixels and sensor architectures are compared with a view to future fully-integrated, lifetime imaging systems based on CMOS sensors.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHigh Performance Silicon Imaging
EditorsDaniel Durini
Place of PublicationDuxford
Number of pages34
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2019



  • CMOS image sensors
  • fluorescence lifetime imaging
  • fluorophore
  • fluorescence
  • spectroscopy
  • pixel
  • silicon

Cite this

Henderson, R. K., Rae, B. R., & Li, D-U. (2019). CMOS sensors for fluorescence lifetime imaging. In D. Durini (Ed.), High Performance Silicon Imaging (2nd ed., pp. 377-412). Duxford.