Clinical observations associated with proven and unproven cases in the ESCRS study of prophylaxis of postoperative endophthalmitis after cataract surgery

Peter Barry, Susanne Gardner, David Seal, George Gettinby, Fiona Lees, Magnus Peterson, Crawford Revie, ESCRS Endophthalmitis Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims to describe cases of postoperative endophthalmitis in the European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons (ESCRS) study of the prophylaxis of endophthalmitis, compare characteristics of unproven cases and cases proven by culture or polymerase chain reaction, and compare the characteristics with those in other reported series. Twenty-four ophthalmology units in Austria, Belgium, Germany, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression models were used to analyze data forstatistical association of signs and symptoms in cases with proven or unproven endophthalmitis. Specific data describing characteristics of the cases were compared between the 2 types of cases. Data from 29 endophthalmitis cases were analyzed. Swollen lids and pain were statistically associated with proven cases of endophthalmitis on univariable regression analysis. Multivariable analysis indicated that swollen lids and an opaque vitreous were associated with proven cases. Five cases of endophthalmitis occurred in the cefuroxime-treated groups. No case of streptococcal infection occurred in the cefuroxime-treated groups. However, cases of infection due to streptococci showed striking differences in visual acuity and were associated with earlier onset. Characteristics in the 29 cases parallel results in previous studies, such as the Endophthalmitis Vitrectomy Study, although the addition of a control group in the ESCRS study elicited additional findings. Swollen lids, pain, and an opaque vitreous were statistically associated with proven endophthalmitis cases in the ESCRS study.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1523-1531
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Volume35
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

Fingerprint

Endophthalmitis
Cataract
Cefuroxime
Logistic Models
Pain
Streptococcal Infections
Portugal
Surgeons
Austria
Belgium
Vitrectomy
Poland
Ophthalmology
Turkey
Streptococcus
Spain
Italy
Visual Acuity
Signs and Symptoms
Germany

Keywords

  • postoperative endophthalmitis
  • cataract surgery
  • multivariate analysis
  • prophylaxis

Cite this

Barry, Peter ; Gardner, Susanne ; Seal, David ; Gettinby, George ; Lees, Fiona ; Peterson, Magnus ; Revie, Crawford ; ESCRS Endophthalmitis Study Group. / Clinical observations associated with proven and unproven cases in the ESCRS study of prophylaxis of postoperative endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. In: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery. 2009 ; Vol. 35, No. 9. pp. 1523-1531.
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Clinical observations associated with proven and unproven cases in the ESCRS study of prophylaxis of postoperative endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. / Barry, Peter; Gardner, Susanne; Seal, David; Gettinby, George; Lees, Fiona; Peterson, Magnus; Revie, Crawford; ESCRS Endophthalmitis Study Group.

In: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Vol. 35, No. 9, 09.2009, p. 1523-1531.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Clinical observations associated with proven and unproven cases in the ESCRS study of prophylaxis of postoperative endophthalmitis after cataract surgery

AU - Barry, Peter

AU - Gardner, Susanne

AU - Seal, David

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AU - Peterson, Magnus

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