CIELO-RGS: a catalogue of soft X-ray ionized emission lines

Junjie Mao, Jelle S. Kaastra, Matteo Guainazzi, Rosario González-Riestra, Maria Santos-Lleó, Peter Kretschmar, Victoria Grinberg, Eleni Kalfountzou, Aitor Ibarra, Gabi Matzeu, Michael Parker, Pedro Rodríguez-Pascual

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)


High-resolution X-ray spectroscopy has advanced our understanding of the hot Universe by revealing physical properties like kinematics, temperature, and abundances of the astrophysical plasmas. Despite the technical and scientific achievements, the lack of scientific products at a level higher than count spectra is hampering full scientific exploitation of high-quality data. This paper introduces the Catalogue of Ionized Emission Lines Observed by the Reflection Grating Spectrometer (CIELO-RGS) onboard the XMM-Newton space observatory. The CIELO-RGS catalogue aims to facilitate the exploitation of emission features in the public RGS spectra archive, in particular, to perform the correlation between X-ray spectral diagnostics parameters with measurements at other wavelengths. This paper focuses on the methodology of catalogue generation, describing the automated line detection algorithm. A moderate sample (~2400 observations) of high-quality RGS spectra available at XMM-Newton Science Archive is used as our starting point. A list of potential emission lines is selected based on a multi-scale peak detection algorithm in a uniform and automated way without prior assumption on the underlying astrophysical model. The candidate line list is validated via spectral fitting with simple continuum and line profile models. We also compare the catalogue content with published literature results on a small number of exemplary sources. We generate a catalogue of emission lines ~12000 detected in ~1600 observations toward stars, X-ray binaries, supernovae remnants, active galactic nuclei, and groups and clusters of galaxies. For each line, we report the observed wavelength, broadening, energy and photon flux, and equivalent width, etc.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA122
Number of pages16
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Publication statusPublished - 24 May 2019


  • x-rays
  • spectroscopic
  • spectroscopy


Dive into the research topics of 'CIELO-RGS: a catalogue of soft X-ray ionized emission lines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this