Characterization of biomass combustion at high temperatures based on an upgraded single particle model

Jun Li, Manosh C. Paul, Paul L. Younger, Ian Watson, Mamdud Hossain, Stephen Welch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomass co-firing is becoming a promising solution to reduce CO2 emissions, due to its renewability and carbon neutrality. Biomass normally has high moisture and volatile contents, complicating its combustion behavior, which is significantly different from that of coal. A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) combustion model of a single biomass particle is employed to study high-temperature rapid biomass combustion. The two-competing-rate model and kinetics/diffusion model are used to model biomass devolatilization reaction and char burnout process, respectively, in which the apparent kinetics used for those two models were from high temperatures and high heating rates tests. The particle size changes during the devolatilization and char burnout are also considered. The mass loss properties and temperature profile during the biomass devolatilization and combustion processes are predicted; and the timescales of particle heating up, drying, devolatilization, and char burnout are compared and discussed. Finally, the results shed light on the effects of particle size on the combustion behavior of biomass particle.
LanguageEnglish
Pages749-755
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Energy
Volume156
Early online date23 Apr 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2015

Fingerprint

Biomass
combustion
biomass
Temperature
Particle size
particle size
heating
kinetics
Kinetics
Coal
particle
computational fluid dynamics
Heating rate
temperature profile
Drying
Computational fluid dynamics
Moisture
Carbon
moisture
coal

Keywords

  • biomass
  • combustion
  • high temperature
  • single particle model

Cite this

Li, Jun ; Paul, Manosh C. ; Younger, Paul L. ; Watson, Ian ; Hossain, Mamdud ; Welch, Stephen. / Characterization of biomass combustion at high temperatures based on an upgraded single particle model. In: Applied Energy. 2015 ; Vol. 156. pp. 749-755.
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Characterization of biomass combustion at high temperatures based on an upgraded single particle model. / Li, Jun; Paul, Manosh C.; Younger, Paul L.; Watson, Ian; Hossain, Mamdud; Welch, Stephen.

In: Applied Energy, Vol. 156, 15.10.2015, p. 749-755.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Characterization of biomass combustion at high temperatures based on an upgraded single particle model

AU - Li, Jun

AU - Paul, Manosh C.

AU - Younger, Paul L.

AU - Watson, Ian

AU - Hossain, Mamdud

AU - Welch, Stephen

PY - 2015/10/15

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AB - Biomass co-firing is becoming a promising solution to reduce CO2 emissions, due to its renewability and carbon neutrality. Biomass normally has high moisture and volatile contents, complicating its combustion behavior, which is significantly different from that of coal. A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) combustion model of a single biomass particle is employed to study high-temperature rapid biomass combustion. The two-competing-rate model and kinetics/diffusion model are used to model biomass devolatilization reaction and char burnout process, respectively, in which the apparent kinetics used for those two models were from high temperatures and high heating rates tests. The particle size changes during the devolatilization and char burnout are also considered. The mass loss properties and temperature profile during the biomass devolatilization and combustion processes are predicted; and the timescales of particle heating up, drying, devolatilization, and char burnout are compared and discussed. Finally, the results shed light on the effects of particle size on the combustion behavior of biomass particle.

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