Characterization of biochars produced from pyrolysis of pelletized agricultural residues

A. Colantoni, N. Evic, R. Lord, S. Retschitzegger, A. R. Proto, F. Gallucci, D. Monarca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biochars produced from pelletized grape vine (GV) and sunflower husk (SFH) agricultural residues were studied by pyrolysis in a batch reactor at 400 and 500°C. Chemical and physical evolution of the biomass under pyrolysis conditions was determined and the products were characterized, including the main gaseous organic components. . Results showed a decrease in solid biochar yield with increasing temperature. Biochar is defined as a "porous carbonaceous solid" produced by thermochemical conversion of organic materials in an oxygen depleted atmosphere, which has physiochemical properties suitable for the safe and long-term storage of carbon in the environment and, potentially, soil improvement. The aim of this work is to improve the knowledge and acceptability of alternative use of the biochar gained from agro-forestry biomass residuals, such as grape vine and sunflower husks, by means of modern chemical and physical characterization tools.
LanguageEnglish
Pages187-194
Number of pages8
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume64
Early online date21 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Fingerprint

Agricultural wastes
Biomass
Pyrolysis
Forestry
Batch reactors
Soils
Carbon
Oxygen
Temperature

Keywords

  • biochar
  • pyrolysis
  • biomass
  • agricultural residues

Cite this

Colantoni, A. ; Evic, N. ; Lord, R. ; Retschitzegger, S. ; Proto, A. R. ; Gallucci, F. ; Monarca, D. / Characterization of biochars produced from pyrolysis of pelletized agricultural residues. In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews . 2016 ; Vol. 64. pp. 187-194.
@article{418e6719e0f44ed282b87bb13edc672e,
title = "Characterization of biochars produced from pyrolysis of pelletized agricultural residues",
abstract = "Biochars produced from pelletized grape vine (GV) and sunflower husk (SFH) agricultural residues were studied by pyrolysis in a batch reactor at 400 and 500°C. Chemical and physical evolution of the biomass under pyrolysis conditions was determined and the products were characterized, including the main gaseous organic components. . Results showed a decrease in solid biochar yield with increasing temperature. Biochar is defined as a {"}porous carbonaceous solid{"} produced by thermochemical conversion of organic materials in an oxygen depleted atmosphere, which has physiochemical properties suitable for the safe and long-term storage of carbon in the environment and, potentially, soil improvement. The aim of this work is to improve the knowledge and acceptability of alternative use of the biochar gained from agro-forestry biomass residuals, such as grape vine and sunflower husks, by means of modern chemical and physical characterization tools.",
keywords = "biochar, pyrolysis, biomass, agricultural residues",
author = "A. Colantoni and N. Evic and R. Lord and S. Retschitzegger and Proto, {A. R.} and F. Gallucci and D. Monarca",
year = "2016",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.rser.2016.06.003",
language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "187--194",
journal = "Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews",
issn = "1364-0321",

}

Characterization of biochars produced from pyrolysis of pelletized agricultural residues. / Colantoni, A.; Evic, N.; Lord, R.; Retschitzegger, S.; Proto, A. R.; Gallucci, F.; Monarca, D.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews , Vol. 64, 01.10.2016, p. 187-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of biochars produced from pyrolysis of pelletized agricultural residues

AU - Colantoni, A.

AU - Evic, N.

AU - Lord, R.

AU - Retschitzegger, S.

AU - Proto, A. R.

AU - Gallucci, F.

AU - Monarca, D.

PY - 2016/10/1

Y1 - 2016/10/1

N2 - Biochars produced from pelletized grape vine (GV) and sunflower husk (SFH) agricultural residues were studied by pyrolysis in a batch reactor at 400 and 500°C. Chemical and physical evolution of the biomass under pyrolysis conditions was determined and the products were characterized, including the main gaseous organic components. . Results showed a decrease in solid biochar yield with increasing temperature. Biochar is defined as a "porous carbonaceous solid" produced by thermochemical conversion of organic materials in an oxygen depleted atmosphere, which has physiochemical properties suitable for the safe and long-term storage of carbon in the environment and, potentially, soil improvement. The aim of this work is to improve the knowledge and acceptability of alternative use of the biochar gained from agro-forestry biomass residuals, such as grape vine and sunflower husks, by means of modern chemical and physical characterization tools.

AB - Biochars produced from pelletized grape vine (GV) and sunflower husk (SFH) agricultural residues were studied by pyrolysis in a batch reactor at 400 and 500°C. Chemical and physical evolution of the biomass under pyrolysis conditions was determined and the products were characterized, including the main gaseous organic components. . Results showed a decrease in solid biochar yield with increasing temperature. Biochar is defined as a "porous carbonaceous solid" produced by thermochemical conversion of organic materials in an oxygen depleted atmosphere, which has physiochemical properties suitable for the safe and long-term storage of carbon in the environment and, potentially, soil improvement. The aim of this work is to improve the knowledge and acceptability of alternative use of the biochar gained from agro-forestry biomass residuals, such as grape vine and sunflower husks, by means of modern chemical and physical characterization tools.

KW - biochar

KW - pyrolysis

KW - biomass

KW - agricultural residues

UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13640321

U2 - 10.1016/j.rser.2016.06.003

DO - 10.1016/j.rser.2016.06.003

M3 - Article

VL - 64

SP - 187

EP - 194

JO - Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

T2 - Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

JF - Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

SN - 1364-0321

ER -