Characteristics of very fast transient currents in ultra high-voltage power system with hybrid reactive power compensation

Hongshun Liu, Taiyu Chen, Qiuqin Sun, Mingming Han, Qingquan Li, Wah Hoon Siew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
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Hybrid reactive power compensation (HRPC) consists of a stepped controlled shunt reactor (SCSR) and a series compensation (SC), which will find applications in future ultra high-voltage (UHV) power grids to resolve the problems due to the frequent change of reactive power and bulk power transmission. However, very fast transient currents (VFTCs) are inevitably generated during switching, which would lead to insulation breakdown. In the present work, we first develop the equivalent model for HRPC, following which we deduce the expression of VFTCs in the time domain by using an inverse Laplace transform. The analysis indicates that the amplitude and frequency of VFTCs are both affected by the capacitance of the SCSR and of the SC, as well as the line length, stray capacitance, etc. The oscillating frequency, peak, and amplitude of the main frequency of the VFTCs in the substation can be modified by adjusting the silicon-controlled rectifiers in the SCSR when the disconnecting switch in gas-insulated switchgear is switched on. When the disconnecting switch in the SC is switched on, the VFTC oscillation frequency in SCSR decreases with increasing stray capacitance of SC, but the frequency and peak of the VFTC remains quite large. Increasing the line length between the SC and the SCSR suppresses the VFTC in UHV power systems. These results lay the foundation for developing HRPC methods to suppress VFTCs in UHV substations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)587-592
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
Early online date20 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2018


  • amplitude-frequency characteristics
  • hybrid reactive power compensation
  • inverse laplace transform
  • stray capacitance
  • very fast transient current


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