Characterisation of thrust performance of micro-nozzle machined by micro end-milling

Yukui Cai, zhanqiang Liu, Yi Wan, Xichun Luo

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Micro thruster is the power plant of mini-spacecraft. It enables the mini-spacecraft to realize orbit adjustment, station keeping and attitude controlling. Micro nozzle is one of key parts of the micro thruster. The surface roughness of its inner surface significantly influences the thrust performance of the thruster. In this paper, a residual surface model is developed for micro-nozzle obtained by micro machining using a ball end mill and a taper end mill. The residual surface model is then used to investigate the relationship between the surface quality and nozzle thrust performance in nozzle flow field. A thrust measuring apparatus is designed and manufactured to inspect the thrust performance of the machined micro nozzles. Both simulation and experiment results indicate that good machined surface quality is obtained with taper end mill. The nozzle machined with the taper end mill has better thrust performance than that with the ball end mill under the same inlet pressure.
LanguageEnglish
Pages259-160
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2016
Event16th euspen International Conference - East Midland Conference Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Duration: 30 May 20162 Jun 2016

Conference

Conference16th euspen International Conference
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityNottingham
Period30/05/162/06/16

Fingerprint

Nozzles
Surface properties
Spacecraft
Flow fields
Power plants
Machining
Orbits
Surface roughness
Experiments

Keywords

  • micro nozzle
  • micro machining
  • end mill
  • thrust performance

Cite this

Cai, Y., Liu, Z., Wan, Y., & Luo, X. (2016). Characterisation of thrust performance of micro-nozzle machined by micro end-milling. 259-160. Paper presented at 16th euspen International Conference, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
Cai, Yukui ; Liu, zhanqiang ; Wan, Yi ; Luo, Xichun. / Characterisation of thrust performance of micro-nozzle machined by micro end-milling. Paper presented at 16th euspen International Conference, Nottingham, United Kingdom.2 p.
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Cai, Y, Liu, Z, Wan, Y & Luo, X 2016, 'Characterisation of thrust performance of micro-nozzle machined by micro end-milling' Paper presented at 16th euspen International Conference, Nottingham, United Kingdom, 30/05/16 - 2/06/16, pp. 259-160.

Characterisation of thrust performance of micro-nozzle machined by micro end-milling. / Cai, Yukui; Liu, zhanqiang; Wan, Yi; Luo, Xichun.

2016. 259-160 Paper presented at 16th euspen International Conference, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AB - Micro thruster is the power plant of mini-spacecraft. It enables the mini-spacecraft to realize orbit adjustment, station keeping and attitude controlling. Micro nozzle is one of key parts of the micro thruster. The surface roughness of its inner surface significantly influences the thrust performance of the thruster. In this paper, a residual surface model is developed for micro-nozzle obtained by micro machining using a ball end mill and a taper end mill. The residual surface model is then used to investigate the relationship between the surface quality and nozzle thrust performance in nozzle flow field. A thrust measuring apparatus is designed and manufactured to inspect the thrust performance of the machined micro nozzles. Both simulation and experiment results indicate that good machined surface quality is obtained with taper end mill. The nozzle machined with the taper end mill has better thrust performance than that with the ball end mill under the same inlet pressure.

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KW - micro machining

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Cai Y, Liu Z, Wan Y, Luo X. Characterisation of thrust performance of micro-nozzle machined by micro end-milling. 2016. Paper presented at 16th euspen International Conference, Nottingham, United Kingdom.