Characterisation and Validation of Sawbones™ Artificial Composite Femur material

D. Gilroy, A. M. Young, A. Phillips, M. Wheel, P. E. Riches

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Sawbones 4th Generation composite bones are useful tools for the mechanical testing of orthopaedic devices and validation of FE models. The products are intended to provide more reliability and less variability than cadaveric specimens, and have been often used in biomechanical analyses. However, no independent validation of these data exists. Three point bending tests on the cortical component of the femur and on sheets of the same material were conducted in separate independent laboratories to determine the Young’s modulus of the material. These data were incorporated into a FE model of a femur to be validated against an equivalent mechanical test using both force-displacement and strain gauge data. There was significant inter-sample variability in Young’s modulus, potentially due to microstructural heterogeneity. All samples were significantly less stiff than the quoted value of 16.0 GPa (Sawbones 2014), with a mean Young’s modulus of 10.7 GPa calculated for the cortical sample and 8.4 GPa for the sheets. The FE model compared favourably with the mechanical testing, with a 3.3% higher stiffness than that recorded experimentally, giving confidence in our Young’s modulus data. This paper has highlighted that that care must be taken when employing these products as substitutes for cadaveric specimens.

Conference

Conference7th World Congress of Biomechanics
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period6/07/1411/07/14

Fingerprint

Elastic moduli
Mechanical testing
Composite materials
Orthopedics
Bending tests
Strain gages
Bone
Stiffness

Keywords

  • sawbones
  • artificial composite femur
  • composite bones
  • orthopaedic devices

Cite this

Gilroy, D., Young, A. M., Phillips, A., Wheel, M., & Riches, P. E. (2014). Characterisation and Validation of Sawbones™ Artificial Composite Femur material. 1412. Poster session presented at 7th World Congress of Biomechanics, Boston, United States.
Gilroy, D. ; Young, A. M. ; Phillips, A. ; Wheel, M. ; Riches, P. E. / Characterisation and Validation of Sawbones™ Artificial Composite Femur material. Poster session presented at 7th World Congress of Biomechanics, Boston, United States.1 p.
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abstract = "Sawbones 4th Generation composite bones are useful tools for the mechanical testing of orthopaedic devices and validation of FE models. The products are intended to provide more reliability and less variability than cadaveric specimens, and have been often used in biomechanical analyses. However, no independent validation of these data exists. Three point bending tests on the cortical component of the femur and on sheets of the same material were conducted in separate independent laboratories to determine the Young’s modulus of the material. These data were incorporated into a FE model of a femur to be validated against an equivalent mechanical test using both force-displacement and strain gauge data. There was significant inter-sample variability in Young’s modulus, potentially due to microstructural heterogeneity. All samples were significantly less stiff than the quoted value of 16.0 GPa (Sawbones 2014), with a mean Young’s modulus of 10.7 GPa calculated for the cortical sample and 8.4 GPa for the sheets. The FE model compared favourably with the mechanical testing, with a 3.3{\%} higher stiffness than that recorded experimentally, giving confidence in our Young’s modulus data. This paper has highlighted that that care must be taken when employing these products as substitutes for cadaveric specimens.",
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Gilroy, D, Young, AM, Phillips, A, Wheel, M & Riches, PE 2014, 'Characterisation and Validation of Sawbones™ Artificial Composite Femur material' 7th World Congress of Biomechanics, Boston, United States, 6/07/14 - 11/07/14, pp. 1412.

Characterisation and Validation of Sawbones™ Artificial Composite Femur material. / Gilroy, D.; Young, A. M.; Phillips, A.; Wheel, M.; Riches, P. E.

2014. 1412 Poster session presented at 7th World Congress of Biomechanics, Boston, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

TY - CONF

T1 - Characterisation and Validation of Sawbones™ Artificial Composite Femur material

AU - Gilroy, D.

AU - Young, A. M.

AU - Phillips, A.

AU - Wheel, M.

AU - Riches, P. E.

PY - 2014/7

Y1 - 2014/7

N2 - Sawbones 4th Generation composite bones are useful tools for the mechanical testing of orthopaedic devices and validation of FE models. The products are intended to provide more reliability and less variability than cadaveric specimens, and have been often used in biomechanical analyses. However, no independent validation of these data exists. Three point bending tests on the cortical component of the femur and on sheets of the same material were conducted in separate independent laboratories to determine the Young’s modulus of the material. These data were incorporated into a FE model of a femur to be validated against an equivalent mechanical test using both force-displacement and strain gauge data. There was significant inter-sample variability in Young’s modulus, potentially due to microstructural heterogeneity. All samples were significantly less stiff than the quoted value of 16.0 GPa (Sawbones 2014), with a mean Young’s modulus of 10.7 GPa calculated for the cortical sample and 8.4 GPa for the sheets. The FE model compared favourably with the mechanical testing, with a 3.3% higher stiffness than that recorded experimentally, giving confidence in our Young’s modulus data. This paper has highlighted that that care must be taken when employing these products as substitutes for cadaveric specimens.

AB - Sawbones 4th Generation composite bones are useful tools for the mechanical testing of orthopaedic devices and validation of FE models. The products are intended to provide more reliability and less variability than cadaveric specimens, and have been often used in biomechanical analyses. However, no independent validation of these data exists. Three point bending tests on the cortical component of the femur and on sheets of the same material were conducted in separate independent laboratories to determine the Young’s modulus of the material. These data were incorporated into a FE model of a femur to be validated against an equivalent mechanical test using both force-displacement and strain gauge data. There was significant inter-sample variability in Young’s modulus, potentially due to microstructural heterogeneity. All samples were significantly less stiff than the quoted value of 16.0 GPa (Sawbones 2014), with a mean Young’s modulus of 10.7 GPa calculated for the cortical sample and 8.4 GPa for the sheets. The FE model compared favourably with the mechanical testing, with a 3.3% higher stiffness than that recorded experimentally, giving confidence in our Young’s modulus data. This paper has highlighted that that care must be taken when employing these products as substitutes for cadaveric specimens.

KW - sawbones

KW - artificial composite femur

KW - composite bones

KW - orthopaedic devices

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M3 - Poster

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ER -

Gilroy D, Young AM, Phillips A, Wheel M, Riches PE. Characterisation and Validation of Sawbones™ Artificial Composite Femur material. 2014. Poster session presented at 7th World Congress of Biomechanics, Boston, United States.