Changing employment dynamics within the creative city: exploring the role of 'ordinary people' within the changing city landscape

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This paper is about creative cities and their largely invisible and largely neglected workforce, the 'ordinary people' who provide the work- and life-place services upon which creative workers depend. The paper considers the nature of creative cities, their labour markets and the precarious nature of much employment within them. The ambiguous relationship between different employment groups within the creative city is illustrated. The analysis forms the basis for reaching conclusions and helping to formulate advice for policy makers in developing approaches that are inclusive and accessible. The paper is set against and acknowledges the importance of the rising tide of populism as a real challenge to an elitist mainstream creative city discourse.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-39
Number of pages39
JournalEconomic and Industrial Democracy
Early online date23 Jan 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Jan 2018



  • employment
  • gentrification
  • low skills work
  • precarious work
  • creative cities

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