Challenges for offshore transport of anthropogenic carbon dioxide

Julia M. Race, Patricia N. Seevam, Martin J. Downie

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is recognised as having a significant role to play in reducing carbon dioxide emissions and tackling climate change. In CCS schemes, carbon dioxide is captured from anthropogenic sources and transported to suitable sites either for EOR (Enhanced Oil Recovery) or storage. Globally, the largest source of CO2 is from power generation, therefore the initial projects proposed for CCS in the UK are from power plant. There are various technologies for capturing CO2 from power stations, however the captured CO2 can contain significant amounts of impurities. The presence of the impurities in the CO2 stream has an effect on the requirements for pipeline transportation and can change such factors as the flow properties, the decompression characteristics and the solubility of water in the mixture. Although transport of CO2 by pipeline is not new technology, and has been implemented in the USA for over 30 years, the effect of these impurities is not fully understood. The UK is in the advantageous position of having natural sinks for CO2 available offshore in the North and Irish Sea, which can be used for either EOR or storage. Therefore CCS implementation in the UK will involve transport of anthropogenic carbon dioxide from power stations to offshore sinks. All of the current experience with CO2 pipeline transport has been onshore, predominantly from near pure natural sources and therefore this is also a new challenge. This state-of the-art review paper will: • discuss the key technical factors presented by the transport of CO2 from power plant, including the effects of impurities on the design and operation of pipelines, • compare and contrast the current experience of transporting CO2 onshore with the proposed transport onshore and offshore in the UK and identify the technical and regulatory challenges, • present the results of initial modelling work to demonstrate the effects of the key variables on the development of a CO2 transport system in the UK.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
Place of PublicationNew York, NY.
Pages589-602
Number of pages14
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2007
Event26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - San Diego, United States
Duration: 5 Jun 201010 Jun 2010

Conference

Conference26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period5/06/1010/06/10

Fingerprint

Carbon capture
Carbon dioxide
Pipelines
Impurities
Power plants
Recovery
Climate change
Power generation
Solubility
Water
Oils

Keywords

  • ocean engineering
  • carbon dioxide
  • carbon capture and storage
  • offshore transport
  • gas emissions
  • petroleum reservoirs
  • project management

Cite this

Race, J. M., Seevam, P. N., & Downie, M. J. (2007). Challenges for offshore transport of anthropogenic carbon dioxide. In Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering (Vol. 3, pp. 589-602). New York, NY.. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2007-29720
Race, Julia M. ; Seevam, Patricia N. ; Downie, Martin J. / Challenges for offshore transport of anthropogenic carbon dioxide. Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering. Vol. 3 New York, NY., 2007. pp. 589-602
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Race, JM, Seevam, PN & Downie, MJ 2007, Challenges for offshore transport of anthropogenic carbon dioxide. in Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering. vol. 3, New York, NY., pp. 589-602, 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, San Diego, United States, 5/06/10. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2007-29720

Challenges for offshore transport of anthropogenic carbon dioxide. / Race, Julia M.; Seevam, Patricia N.; Downie, Martin J.

Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering. Vol. 3 New York, NY., 2007. p. 589-602.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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N2 - Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is recognised as having a significant role to play in reducing carbon dioxide emissions and tackling climate change. In CCS schemes, carbon dioxide is captured from anthropogenic sources and transported to suitable sites either for EOR (Enhanced Oil Recovery) or storage. Globally, the largest source of CO2 is from power generation, therefore the initial projects proposed for CCS in the UK are from power plant. There are various technologies for capturing CO2 from power stations, however the captured CO2 can contain significant amounts of impurities. The presence of the impurities in the CO2 stream has an effect on the requirements for pipeline transportation and can change such factors as the flow properties, the decompression characteristics and the solubility of water in the mixture. Although transport of CO2 by pipeline is not new technology, and has been implemented in the USA for over 30 years, the effect of these impurities is not fully understood. The UK is in the advantageous position of having natural sinks for CO2 available offshore in the North and Irish Sea, which can be used for either EOR or storage. Therefore CCS implementation in the UK will involve transport of anthropogenic carbon dioxide from power stations to offshore sinks. All of the current experience with CO2 pipeline transport has been onshore, predominantly from near pure natural sources and therefore this is also a new challenge. This state-of the-art review paper will: • discuss the key technical factors presented by the transport of CO2 from power plant, including the effects of impurities on the design and operation of pipelines, • compare and contrast the current experience of transporting CO2 onshore with the proposed transport onshore and offshore in the UK and identify the technical and regulatory challenges, • present the results of initial modelling work to demonstrate the effects of the key variables on the development of a CO2 transport system in the UK.

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Race JM, Seevam PN, Downie MJ. Challenges for offshore transport of anthropogenic carbon dioxide. In Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering. Vol. 3. New York, NY. 2007. p. 589-602 https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2007-29720