Capital structure, cash holdings and firm value: a study of Brazilian listed firms

Tiago Rodrigues Loncan, João Frois Caldeira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study analyzed the relationship among capital structure, cash holdings and firm value for a sample of publicly traded Brazilian firms, through panel data regressions, employing the fixed-effects estimator. Initially, it was estimated regressions between capital structure (debt to total capital) and cash holdings (cash to assets), as well as between cash holdings and short and long-term debt. Next, it was applied a regression among firm value, capital structure and cash holdings. The results of this study suggested that debt, both short and long-termed, is negatively related to cash holdings, and that the level of cash holdings is also associated to a lower leverage. The study also presented indirect evidence that financially constrained firms hold more cash. Regarding to the impact of the capital structure on the firm value, short-term debt, long-term debt and the financial constraint had negative marginal effects on the firm value, suggesting a risk-averse behavior of investors in relation to debt. Cash holdings, instead, is valued as positive by investors, but up to an optimum threshold level. Further, the market capitalization is discounted with respect to cash holdings (inverted U-curve), in synergy with static trade-off theory of cash holdings.
LanguagePortuguese
Pages46-59
Number of pages14
JournalRevista Contabilidade & Finanças
Volume25
Issue number64
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2014

Fingerprint

Cash holdings
Capital structure
Firm value
Debt
Short-term debt
Long-term debt
Cash
Investors
Risk-averse
Assets
Market capitalization
Synergy
Marginal effects
Panel data
Trade-off theory
Financial constraints
Estimator
Leverage
Fixed effects
Inverted-U

Keywords

  • capital structure
  • cash holdings
  • firm value

Cite this

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title = "Capital structure, cash holdings and firm value: a study of Brazilian listed firms",
abstract = "This study analyzed the relationship among capital structure, cash holdings and firm value for a sample of publicly traded Brazilian firms, through panel data regressions, employing the fixed-effects estimator. Initially, it was estimated regressions between capital structure (debt to total capital) and cash holdings (cash to assets), as well as between cash holdings and short and long-term debt. Next, it was applied a regression among firm value, capital structure and cash holdings. The results of this study suggested that debt, both short and long-termed, is negatively related to cash holdings, and that the level of cash holdings is also associated to a lower leverage. The study also presented indirect evidence that financially constrained firms hold more cash. Regarding to the impact of the capital structure on the firm value, short-term debt, long-term debt and the financial constraint had negative marginal effects on the firm value, suggesting a risk-averse behavior of investors in relation to debt. Cash holdings, instead, is valued as positive by investors, but up to an optimum threshold level. Further, the market capitalization is discounted with respect to cash holdings (inverted U-curve), in synergy with static trade-off theory of cash holdings.",
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Capital structure, cash holdings and firm value : a study of Brazilian listed firms. / Rodrigues Loncan, Tiago; Caldeira, João Frois.

Vol. 25, No. 64, 30.04.2014, p. 46-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - This study analyzed the relationship among capital structure, cash holdings and firm value for a sample of publicly traded Brazilian firms, through panel data regressions, employing the fixed-effects estimator. Initially, it was estimated regressions between capital structure (debt to total capital) and cash holdings (cash to assets), as well as between cash holdings and short and long-term debt. Next, it was applied a regression among firm value, capital structure and cash holdings. The results of this study suggested that debt, both short and long-termed, is negatively related to cash holdings, and that the level of cash holdings is also associated to a lower leverage. The study also presented indirect evidence that financially constrained firms hold more cash. Regarding to the impact of the capital structure on the firm value, short-term debt, long-term debt and the financial constraint had negative marginal effects on the firm value, suggesting a risk-averse behavior of investors in relation to debt. Cash holdings, instead, is valued as positive by investors, but up to an optimum threshold level. Further, the market capitalization is discounted with respect to cash holdings (inverted U-curve), in synergy with static trade-off theory of cash holdings.

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