Canadian sedentary behaviour guidelines for the early years (aged 0-4 years)

Mark S Tremblay, Allana G Leblanc, Valerie Carson, Louise Choquette, Sarah Connor Gorber, Carrie Dillman, Mary Duggan, Mary Jane Gordon, Audrey Hicks, Ian Janssen, Michelle E Kho, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Claire Leblanc, Kelly Murumets, Anthony D Okely, John J Reilly, Jodie A Stearns, Brian W Timmons, John C. Spence

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The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP), with assistance from multiple partners, stakeholders, and researchers, developed the first Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines for the Early Years (aged 0-4 years). These national guidelines are in response to a call from health and health care professionals, child care providers, and fitness practitioners for guidance on sedentary behaviour in the early years. The guideline development process followed the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research Evaluation (AGREE) II framework. The recommendations are informed by evidence from a systematic review that examined the relationships between sedentary behaviour (predominantly screen time) and health indicators (healthy body weight, bone and skeletal health, motor skill development, psychosocial health, cognitive development, and cardio-metabolic disease risk factors) for three age groups (infants aged 900 domestic and international stakeholders, end-users, and key informants. The final guidelines state: for healthy growth and development, caregivers should minimize the time infants (aged
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-380
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism
Issue number2
Early online date27 Mar 2012
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012


  • sedentary behaviour
  • Canada
  • recommendations
  • infants
  • toddlers

Cite this

Tremblay, M. S., Leblanc, A. G., Carson, V., Choquette, L., Connor Gorber, S., Dillman, C., Duggan, M., Gordon, M. J., Hicks, A., Janssen, I., Kho, M. E., Latimer-Cheung, A. E., Leblanc, C., Murumets, K., Okely, A. D., Reilly, J. J., Stearns, J. A., Timmons, B. W., & Spence, J. C. (2012). Canadian sedentary behaviour guidelines for the early years (aged 0-4 years). Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 37(2), 370-380.