Canadian physical activity guidelines for the early years (aged 0-4 years)

Mark S. Tremblay, Allana G. LeBlanc, Valerie Carson, Louise Choquette, Sarah Connor Gorber, Carrie Dillman, Mary Duggan, Mary Jane Gordon, Audrey Hicks, Ian Janssen, Michelle E. Kho, Amy E. Latimer-Cheung, Claire LeBlanc, Kelly Murumets, Anthony D. Okely, John J. Reilly, John C. Spence, Jodie A. Stearns, Brian W. Timmons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

142 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP), with assistance from multiple partners, stakeholders, and researchers, developed the first Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for the Early Years (aged 0-4 years). These national guidelines were created in response to an urgent call from public health, health care, child care, and fitness practitioners for healthy active living guidance for the early years. The guideline development process was informed by the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument and the evidence assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system. The recommendations are informed by evidence from a systematic review that examined the relationships between physical activity and health indicators (healthy body weight, bone and skeletal health, motor skill development, psychosocial health, cognitive development, and cardio-metabolic disease risk factors) for three age groups (infants aged <1 year; toddlers aged 1-2 years; preschoolers aged 3-4 years). The new guidelines include a preamble to provide context, followed by the specific recommendations. The final guidelines benefitted from an extensive on-line consultation process with input from over 900 domestic and international stakeholders, end-users, and key informants. The final guideline recommendations state that for healthy growth and development, infants (aged <1 year) should be physically active several times daily -particularly through interactive floor-based play. Toddlers (aged 1-2 years) and preschoolers (aged 3-4 years) should accumulate at least 180 min of physical activity at any intensity spread throughout the day, including a variety of activities in different environments, activities that develop movement skills, and progression toward at least 60 min of energetic play by 5 years of age. More daily physical activity provides greater benefits.

LanguageEnglish
Pages345-355
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

Fingerprint

Guidelines
Exercise
Health
Motor Skills
Sexual Partners
Metabolic Diseases
Child Care
Growth and Development
Referral and Consultation
Public Health
Age Groups
Body Weight
Research Personnel
Delivery of Health Care
Bone and Bones

Keywords

  • physical activity
  • recomendations
  • guidelines
  • health
  • children
  • infants
  • preschool children

Cite this

Tremblay, M. S., LeBlanc, A. G., Carson, V., Choquette, L., Gorber, S. C., Dillman, C., ... Timmons, B. W. (2012). Canadian physical activity guidelines for the early years (aged 0-4 years). Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 37(2), 345-355. https://doi.org/10.1139/h2012-018
Tremblay, Mark S. ; LeBlanc, Allana G. ; Carson, Valerie ; Choquette, Louise ; Gorber, Sarah Connor ; Dillman, Carrie ; Duggan, Mary ; Gordon, Mary Jane ; Hicks, Audrey ; Janssen, Ian ; Kho, Michelle E. ; Latimer-Cheung, Amy E. ; LeBlanc, Claire ; Murumets, Kelly ; Okely, Anthony D. ; Reilly, John J. ; Spence, John C. ; Stearns, Jodie A. ; Timmons, Brian W. / Canadian physical activity guidelines for the early years (aged 0-4 years). In: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2012 ; Vol. 37, No. 2. pp. 345-355.
@article{78c58d0c04174253acfa947be469e2ec,
title = "Canadian physical activity guidelines for the early years (aged 0-4 years)",
abstract = "The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP), with assistance from multiple partners, stakeholders, and researchers, developed the first Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for the Early Years (aged 0-4 years). These national guidelines were created in response to an urgent call from public health, health care, child care, and fitness practitioners for healthy active living guidance for the early years. The guideline development process was informed by the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument and the evidence assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system. The recommendations are informed by evidence from a systematic review that examined the relationships between physical activity and health indicators (healthy body weight, bone and skeletal health, motor skill development, psychosocial health, cognitive development, and cardio-metabolic disease risk factors) for three age groups (infants aged <1 year; toddlers aged 1-2 years; preschoolers aged 3-4 years). The new guidelines include a preamble to provide context, followed by the specific recommendations. The final guidelines benefitted from an extensive on-line consultation process with input from over 900 domestic and international stakeholders, end-users, and key informants. The final guideline recommendations state that for healthy growth and development, infants (aged <1 year) should be physically active several times daily -particularly through interactive floor-based play. Toddlers (aged 1-2 years) and preschoolers (aged 3-4 years) should accumulate at least 180 min of physical activity at any intensity spread throughout the day, including a variety of activities in different environments, activities that develop movement skills, and progression toward at least 60 min of energetic play by 5 years of age. More daily physical activity provides greater benefits.",
keywords = "physical activity, recomendations, guidelines, health, children, infants, preschool children",
author = "Tremblay, {Mark S.} and LeBlanc, {Allana G.} and Valerie Carson and Louise Choquette and Gorber, {Sarah Connor} and Carrie Dillman and Mary Duggan and Gordon, {Mary Jane} and Audrey Hicks and Ian Janssen and Kho, {Michelle E.} and Latimer-Cheung, {Amy E.} and Claire LeBlanc and Kelly Murumets and Okely, {Anthony D.} and Reilly, {John J.} and Spence, {John C.} and Stearns, {Jodie A.} and Timmons, {Brian W.}",
year = "2012",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1139/h2012-018",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "345--355",
journal = "Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism",
issn = "1715-5312",
number = "2",

}

Tremblay, MS, LeBlanc, AG, Carson, V, Choquette, L, Gorber, SC, Dillman, C, Duggan, M, Gordon, MJ, Hicks, A, Janssen, I, Kho, ME, Latimer-Cheung, AE, LeBlanc, C, Murumets, K, Okely, AD, Reilly, JJ, Spence, JC, Stearns, JA & Timmons, BW 2012, 'Canadian physical activity guidelines for the early years (aged 0-4 years)' Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 345-355. https://doi.org/10.1139/h2012-018

Canadian physical activity guidelines for the early years (aged 0-4 years). / Tremblay, Mark S.; LeBlanc, Allana G.; Carson, Valerie; Choquette, Louise; Gorber, Sarah Connor; Dillman, Carrie; Duggan, Mary; Gordon, Mary Jane; Hicks, Audrey; Janssen, Ian; Kho, Michelle E.; Latimer-Cheung, Amy E.; LeBlanc, Claire; Murumets, Kelly; Okely, Anthony D.; Reilly, John J.; Spence, John C.; Stearns, Jodie A.; Timmons, Brian W.

In: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Vol. 37, No. 2, 04.2012, p. 345-355.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Canadian physical activity guidelines for the early years (aged 0-4 years)

AU - Tremblay, Mark S.

AU - LeBlanc, Allana G.

AU - Carson, Valerie

AU - Choquette, Louise

AU - Gorber, Sarah Connor

AU - Dillman, Carrie

AU - Duggan, Mary

AU - Gordon, Mary Jane

AU - Hicks, Audrey

AU - Janssen, Ian

AU - Kho, Michelle E.

AU - Latimer-Cheung, Amy E.

AU - LeBlanc, Claire

AU - Murumets, Kelly

AU - Okely, Anthony D.

AU - Reilly, John J.

AU - Spence, John C.

AU - Stearns, Jodie A.

AU - Timmons, Brian W.

PY - 2012/4

Y1 - 2012/4

N2 - The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP), with assistance from multiple partners, stakeholders, and researchers, developed the first Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for the Early Years (aged 0-4 years). These national guidelines were created in response to an urgent call from public health, health care, child care, and fitness practitioners for healthy active living guidance for the early years. The guideline development process was informed by the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument and the evidence assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system. The recommendations are informed by evidence from a systematic review that examined the relationships between physical activity and health indicators (healthy body weight, bone and skeletal health, motor skill development, psychosocial health, cognitive development, and cardio-metabolic disease risk factors) for three age groups (infants aged <1 year; toddlers aged 1-2 years; preschoolers aged 3-4 years). The new guidelines include a preamble to provide context, followed by the specific recommendations. The final guidelines benefitted from an extensive on-line consultation process with input from over 900 domestic and international stakeholders, end-users, and key informants. The final guideline recommendations state that for healthy growth and development, infants (aged <1 year) should be physically active several times daily -particularly through interactive floor-based play. Toddlers (aged 1-2 years) and preschoolers (aged 3-4 years) should accumulate at least 180 min of physical activity at any intensity spread throughout the day, including a variety of activities in different environments, activities that develop movement skills, and progression toward at least 60 min of energetic play by 5 years of age. More daily physical activity provides greater benefits.

AB - The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP), with assistance from multiple partners, stakeholders, and researchers, developed the first Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for the Early Years (aged 0-4 years). These national guidelines were created in response to an urgent call from public health, health care, child care, and fitness practitioners for healthy active living guidance for the early years. The guideline development process was informed by the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument and the evidence assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system. The recommendations are informed by evidence from a systematic review that examined the relationships between physical activity and health indicators (healthy body weight, bone and skeletal health, motor skill development, psychosocial health, cognitive development, and cardio-metabolic disease risk factors) for three age groups (infants aged <1 year; toddlers aged 1-2 years; preschoolers aged 3-4 years). The new guidelines include a preamble to provide context, followed by the specific recommendations. The final guidelines benefitted from an extensive on-line consultation process with input from over 900 domestic and international stakeholders, end-users, and key informants. The final guideline recommendations state that for healthy growth and development, infants (aged <1 year) should be physically active several times daily -particularly through interactive floor-based play. Toddlers (aged 1-2 years) and preschoolers (aged 3-4 years) should accumulate at least 180 min of physical activity at any intensity spread throughout the day, including a variety of activities in different environments, activities that develop movement skills, and progression toward at least 60 min of energetic play by 5 years of age. More daily physical activity provides greater benefits.

KW - physical activity

KW - recomendations

KW - guidelines

KW - health

KW - children

KW - infants

KW - preschool children

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84859353781&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1139/h2012-018

DO - 10.1139/h2012-018

M3 - Article

VL - 37

SP - 345

EP - 355

JO - Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism

T2 - Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism

JF - Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism

SN - 1715-5312

IS - 2

ER -

Tremblay MS, LeBlanc AG, Carson V, Choquette L, Gorber SC, Dillman C et al. Canadian physical activity guidelines for the early years (aged 0-4 years). Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2012 Apr;37(2):345-355. https://doi.org/10.1139/h2012-018