Can thermally degraded glass fibre be regenerated for closed-loop recycling of thermosetting composites?

L. Yang, E.R. Saez , U. Nagel, J. Thomason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Commercially manufactured E-glass fibres were heat-conditioned to mimic the effects of thermal recycling of glass fibre thermosetting composites. Degradation in the strength and surface functionality of heat-treated fibres was identified as a key barrier to reusing the fibres as valuable reinforcement in composite applications. A chemical approach has been developed to address these issues and this included two individual chemical treatments, namely chemical etching and post-silanisation. The effectiveness of the treatments was evaluated for both thermal degraded fibres and corresponding composites. Drastic reduction was observed in the properties of the composites with the heat-conditioned preforms indicating thermally degraded glass fibres have no value for second-life reinforcement without further fibre regeneration. However, significant regeneration to the above properties was successfully obtained through the approach developed in this work and the results strongly demonstrated the feasibility of regeneration of thermally degraded glass fibres for potential closed-loop recycling of thermosetting composites.
LanguageEnglish
Pages167-174
Number of pages28
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume72
Early online date7 Feb 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2015

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Glass fibers
Recycling
Composite materials
Fibers
Reinforcement
Etching
Hot Temperature
fiberglass
Degradation

Keywords

  • glass fibres
  • recycling
  • mechanical properties
  • heat treatment

Cite this

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abstract = "Commercially manufactured E-glass fibres were heat-conditioned to mimic the effects of thermal recycling of glass fibre thermosetting composites. Degradation in the strength and surface functionality of heat-treated fibres was identified as a key barrier to reusing the fibres as valuable reinforcement in composite applications. A chemical approach has been developed to address these issues and this included two individual chemical treatments, namely chemical etching and post-silanisation. The effectiveness of the treatments was evaluated for both thermal degraded fibres and corresponding composites. Drastic reduction was observed in the properties of the composites with the heat-conditioned preforms indicating thermally degraded glass fibres have no value for second-life reinforcement without further fibre regeneration. However, significant regeneration to the above properties was successfully obtained through the approach developed in this work and the results strongly demonstrated the feasibility of regeneration of thermally degraded glass fibres for potential closed-loop recycling of thermosetting composites.",
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AU - Yang, L.

AU - Saez , E.R.

AU - Nagel, U.

AU - Thomason, J.

PY - 2015/5

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AB - Commercially manufactured E-glass fibres were heat-conditioned to mimic the effects of thermal recycling of glass fibre thermosetting composites. Degradation in the strength and surface functionality of heat-treated fibres was identified as a key barrier to reusing the fibres as valuable reinforcement in composite applications. A chemical approach has been developed to address these issues and this included two individual chemical treatments, namely chemical etching and post-silanisation. The effectiveness of the treatments was evaluated for both thermal degraded fibres and corresponding composites. Drastic reduction was observed in the properties of the composites with the heat-conditioned preforms indicating thermally degraded glass fibres have no value for second-life reinforcement without further fibre regeneration. However, significant regeneration to the above properties was successfully obtained through the approach developed in this work and the results strongly demonstrated the feasibility of regeneration of thermally degraded glass fibres for potential closed-loop recycling of thermosetting composites.

KW - glass fibres

KW - recycling

KW - mechanical properties

KW - heat treatment

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