CaMKIIδ interacts directly with IKKβ and modulates NF-kB signalling in adult cardiac fibroblasts

Tamara P. Martin, Claire McCluskey, Margaret R. Cunningham, James Beattie, Andrew Paul, Susan Currie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase IIδ (CaMKIIδ) acts as a molecular switch regulating cardiovascular Ca2+ handling and contractility in health and disease. Activation of CaMKIIδ is also known to regulate cardiovascular inflammation and is reported to be required for pro-inflammatory NF-κB signalling. In this study the aim was to characterise how CaMKIIδ interacts with and modulates NF-κB signalling and whether this interaction exists in non-contractile cells of the heart. Recombinant or purified CaMKIIδ and the individual inhibitory -κB kinase (IKK) proteins of the NF-κB signalling pathway were used in autoradiography and Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) to explore potential interactions between both components. Primary adult rat cardiac fibroblasts were then used to study the effects of selective CaMKII inhibition on pharmacologically-induced NF-κB activation as well as interaction between CaMKII and specific IKK isoforms in a cardiac cellular setting. Autoradiography analysis suggested that CaMKIIδ phosphorylated IKKβ but not IKKα. SPR analysis further supported a direct interaction between CaMKIIδ and IKKβ but not between CaMKIIδ and IKKα or IKKγ. CaMKIIδ regulation of IκΒα degradation was explored in adult cardiac fibroblasts exposed to pharmacological stimulation. Cells were stimulated with agonist in the presence or absence of a CaMKII inhibitor, autocamtide inhibitory peptide (AIP). Selective inhibition of CaMKII resulted in reduced NF-κB activation, as measured by agonist-stimulated IκBα degradation. Importantly, and in agreement with the recombinant protein work, an interaction between CaMKII and IKKβ was evident following Proximity Ligation Assays in adult cardiac fibroblasts. This study provides new evidence supporting direct interaction between CaMKIIδ and IKKβ in pro-inflammatory signalling in cardiac fibroblasts and could represent a feature that may be exploited for therapeutic benefit.
LanguageEnglish
JournalCellular Signalling
Early online date27 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
NF-kappa B
Fibroblasts
Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2
Surface Plasmon Resonance
Autoradiography
Recombinant Proteins
Protein Kinases
Ligation
Protein Isoforms
Pharmacology
Inflammation
Peptides

Keywords

  • cardiovascular
  • calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase II
  • nuclear factor kappa B
  • inhibitory kappa B kinase
  • inflammation

Cite this

@article{01373d352f61439094503305b79b41b6,
title = "CaMKIIδ interacts directly with IKKβ and modulates NF-kB signalling in adult cardiac fibroblasts",
abstract = "Calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase IIδ (CaMKIIδ) acts as a molecular switch regulating cardiovascular Ca2+ handling and contractility in health and disease. Activation of CaMKIIδ is also known to regulate cardiovascular inflammation and is reported to be required for pro-inflammatory NF-κB signalling. In this study the aim was to characterise how CaMKIIδ interacts with and modulates NF-κB signalling and whether this interaction exists in non-contractile cells of the heart. Recombinant or purified CaMKIIδ and the individual inhibitory -κB kinase (IKK) proteins of the NF-κB signalling pathway were used in autoradiography and Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) to explore potential interactions between both components. Primary adult rat cardiac fibroblasts were then used to study the effects of selective CaMKII inhibition on pharmacologically-induced NF-κB activation as well as interaction between CaMKII and specific IKK isoforms in a cardiac cellular setting. Autoradiography analysis suggested that CaMKIIδ phosphorylated IKKβ but not IKKα. SPR analysis further supported a direct interaction between CaMKIIδ and IKKβ but not between CaMKIIδ and IKKα or IKKγ. CaMKIIδ regulation of IκΒα degradation was explored in adult cardiac fibroblasts exposed to pharmacological stimulation. Cells were stimulated with agonist in the presence or absence of a CaMKII inhibitor, autocamtide inhibitory peptide (AIP). Selective inhibition of CaMKII resulted in reduced NF-κB activation, as measured by agonist-stimulated IκBα degradation. Importantly, and in agreement with the recombinant protein work, an interaction between CaMKII and IKKβ was evident following Proximity Ligation Assays in adult cardiac fibroblasts. This study provides new evidence supporting direct interaction between CaMKIIδ and IKKβ in pro-inflammatory signalling in cardiac fibroblasts and could represent a feature that may be exploited for therapeutic benefit.",
keywords = "cardiovascular, calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase II, nuclear factor kappa B, inhibitory kappa B kinase , inflammation",
author = "Martin, {Tamara P.} and Claire McCluskey and Cunningham, {Margaret R.} and James Beattie and Andrew Paul and Susan Currie",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1016/j.cellsig.2018.07.008",
language = "English",
journal = "Cellular Signalling",
issn = "0898-6568",

}

CaMKIIδ interacts directly with IKKβ and modulates NF-kB signalling in adult cardiac fibroblasts. / Martin, Tamara P.; McCluskey, Claire; Cunningham, Margaret R.; Beattie, James; Paul, Andrew; Currie, Susan.

In: Cellular Signalling, 27.07.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - CaMKIIδ interacts directly with IKKβ and modulates NF-kB signalling in adult cardiac fibroblasts

AU - Martin, Tamara P.

AU - McCluskey, Claire

AU - Cunningham, Margaret R.

AU - Beattie, James

AU - Paul, Andrew

AU - Currie, Susan

PY - 2018/7/27

Y1 - 2018/7/27

N2 - Calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase IIδ (CaMKIIδ) acts as a molecular switch regulating cardiovascular Ca2+ handling and contractility in health and disease. Activation of CaMKIIδ is also known to regulate cardiovascular inflammation and is reported to be required for pro-inflammatory NF-κB signalling. In this study the aim was to characterise how CaMKIIδ interacts with and modulates NF-κB signalling and whether this interaction exists in non-contractile cells of the heart. Recombinant or purified CaMKIIδ and the individual inhibitory -κB kinase (IKK) proteins of the NF-κB signalling pathway were used in autoradiography and Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) to explore potential interactions between both components. Primary adult rat cardiac fibroblasts were then used to study the effects of selective CaMKII inhibition on pharmacologically-induced NF-κB activation as well as interaction between CaMKII and specific IKK isoforms in a cardiac cellular setting. Autoradiography analysis suggested that CaMKIIδ phosphorylated IKKβ but not IKKα. SPR analysis further supported a direct interaction between CaMKIIδ and IKKβ but not between CaMKIIδ and IKKα or IKKγ. CaMKIIδ regulation of IκΒα degradation was explored in adult cardiac fibroblasts exposed to pharmacological stimulation. Cells were stimulated with agonist in the presence or absence of a CaMKII inhibitor, autocamtide inhibitory peptide (AIP). Selective inhibition of CaMKII resulted in reduced NF-κB activation, as measured by agonist-stimulated IκBα degradation. Importantly, and in agreement with the recombinant protein work, an interaction between CaMKII and IKKβ was evident following Proximity Ligation Assays in adult cardiac fibroblasts. This study provides new evidence supporting direct interaction between CaMKIIδ and IKKβ in pro-inflammatory signalling in cardiac fibroblasts and could represent a feature that may be exploited for therapeutic benefit.

AB - Calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase IIδ (CaMKIIδ) acts as a molecular switch regulating cardiovascular Ca2+ handling and contractility in health and disease. Activation of CaMKIIδ is also known to regulate cardiovascular inflammation and is reported to be required for pro-inflammatory NF-κB signalling. In this study the aim was to characterise how CaMKIIδ interacts with and modulates NF-κB signalling and whether this interaction exists in non-contractile cells of the heart. Recombinant or purified CaMKIIδ and the individual inhibitory -κB kinase (IKK) proteins of the NF-κB signalling pathway were used in autoradiography and Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) to explore potential interactions between both components. Primary adult rat cardiac fibroblasts were then used to study the effects of selective CaMKII inhibition on pharmacologically-induced NF-κB activation as well as interaction between CaMKII and specific IKK isoforms in a cardiac cellular setting. Autoradiography analysis suggested that CaMKIIδ phosphorylated IKKβ but not IKKα. SPR analysis further supported a direct interaction between CaMKIIδ and IKKβ but not between CaMKIIδ and IKKα or IKKγ. CaMKIIδ regulation of IκΒα degradation was explored in adult cardiac fibroblasts exposed to pharmacological stimulation. Cells were stimulated with agonist in the presence or absence of a CaMKII inhibitor, autocamtide inhibitory peptide (AIP). Selective inhibition of CaMKII resulted in reduced NF-κB activation, as measured by agonist-stimulated IκBα degradation. Importantly, and in agreement with the recombinant protein work, an interaction between CaMKII and IKKβ was evident following Proximity Ligation Assays in adult cardiac fibroblasts. This study provides new evidence supporting direct interaction between CaMKIIδ and IKKβ in pro-inflammatory signalling in cardiac fibroblasts and could represent a feature that may be exploited for therapeutic benefit.

KW - cardiovascular

KW - calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase II

KW - nuclear factor kappa B

KW - inhibitory kappa B kinase

KW - inflammation

UR - https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/cellular-signalling

U2 - 10.1016/j.cellsig.2018.07.008

DO - 10.1016/j.cellsig.2018.07.008

M3 - Article

JO - Cellular Signalling

T2 - Cellular Signalling

JF - Cellular Signalling

SN - 0898-6568

ER -