Cardiac ryanodine receptors (RyR2s) play a critical role in excitation-contraction coupling by providing a pathway for the release of Ca(2+) from the sarcoplasmic reticulum into the cytosol. RyR2s exist as macromolecular complexes that are regulated via binding of Ca(2+) and protein phosphorylation/dephosphorylation. The present study examined the association of endogenous CaMKII (calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II) with the RyR2 complex and whether this enzyme could modulate RyR2 function in isolated rabbit ventricular myocardium. Endogenous phosphorylation of RyR2 was verified using phosphorylation site-specific antibodies. Co-immunoprecipitation studies established that RyR2 was physically associated with CaMKIIdelta. Quantitative assessment of RyR2 protein was performed by [(3)H]ryanodine binding to RyR2 immunoprecipitates. Parallel kinase assays allowed the endogenous CaMKII activity associated with these immunoprecipitates to be expressed relative to the amount of RyR2. The activity of RyR2 in isolated cardiac myocytes was measured in two ways: (i) RyR2-mediated Ca(2+) release (Ca(2+) sparks) using confocal microscopy and (ii) Ca(2+)-sensitive [(3)H]ryanodine binding. These studies were performed in the presence and absence of AIP (autocamtide-2-related inhibitory peptide), a highly specific inhibitor of CaMKII. At 1 microM AIP Ca(2+) spark duration, frequency and width were decreased significantly. Similarly, 1 microM AIP decreased [(3)H]ryanodine binding. At 5 microM AIP, a more profound inhibition of Ca(2+) sparks and a decrease in [(3)H]ryanodine binding was observed. Separate measurements showed that AIP (1-5 microM) did not affect sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase-mediated Ca(2+) uptake. These results suggest the existence of an endogenous CaMKIIdelta that associates directly with RyR2 and specifically modulates RyR2 activity.
- ryanodine receptor