Bright betatron x-ray radiation from a laser-driven-clustering gas target

L.M. Chen, W. C. Yan, D. Z. Li, Z. D. Hu, L. Zhang, W.M. Wang, N. Hafz, J.Y. Mao, K. Huang, Y. Ma, J. R. Zhao, J.L. Ma, Y. T. Li, X. Lu, Zheng-Ming Sheng, Z.Y. Wei, J. Gao, J. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Hard X-ray sources from femtosecond (fs) laser-produced plasmas, including the betatron X-rays from laser wakefield-accelerated electrons, have compact sizes, fs pulse duration and fs pump-probe capability, making it promising for wide use in material and biological sciences. Currently the main problem with such betatron X-ray sources is the limited average flux even with ultra-intense laser pulses. Here, we report ultra-bright betatron X-rays can be generated using a clustering gas jet target irradiated with a small size laser, where a ten-fold enhancement of the X-ray yield is achieved compared to the results obtained using a gas target. We suggest the increased X-ray photon is due to the existence of clusters in the gas, which results in increased total electron charge trapped for acceleration and larger wiggling amplitudes during the acceleration. This observation opens a route to produce high betatron average flux using small but high repetition rate laser facilities for applications.
LanguageEnglish
Article number1912
JournalScientific Reports
Volume3
Early online date29 May 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

betatrons
radiation
gases
lasers
x rays
gas jets
materials science
laser plasmas
repetition
pulse duration
electrons
routes
pumps
augmentation
probes
photons
pulses

Keywords

  • laser-produced plasma
  • plasma-based accelerators
  • x-rays
  • ultrafast photonics

Cite this

Chen, L. M., Yan, W. C., Li, D. Z., Hu, Z. D., Zhang, L., Wang, W. M., ... Zhang, J. (2013). Bright betatron x-ray radiation from a laser-driven-clustering gas target. Scientific Reports, 3, [1912]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep01912
Chen, L.M. ; Yan, W. C. ; Li, D. Z. ; Hu, Z. D. ; Zhang, L. ; Wang, W.M. ; Hafz, N. ; Mao, J.Y. ; Huang, K. ; Ma, Y. ; Zhao, J. R. ; Ma, J.L. ; Li, Y. T. ; Lu, X. ; Sheng, Zheng-Ming ; Wei, Z.Y. ; Gao, J. ; Zhang, J. / Bright betatron x-ray radiation from a laser-driven-clustering gas target. In: Scientific Reports. 2013 ; Vol. 3.
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abstract = "Hard X-ray sources from femtosecond (fs) laser-produced plasmas, including the betatron X-rays from laser wakefield-accelerated electrons, have compact sizes, fs pulse duration and fs pump-probe capability, making it promising for wide use in material and biological sciences. Currently the main problem with such betatron X-ray sources is the limited average flux even with ultra-intense laser pulses. Here, we report ultra-bright betatron X-rays can be generated using a clustering gas jet target irradiated with a small size laser, where a ten-fold enhancement of the X-ray yield is achieved compared to the results obtained using a gas target. We suggest the increased X-ray photon is due to the existence of clusters in the gas, which results in increased total electron charge trapped for acceleration and larger wiggling amplitudes during the acceleration. This observation opens a route to produce high betatron average flux using small but high repetition rate laser facilities for applications.",
keywords = "laser-produced plasma, plasma-based accelerators, x-rays, ultrafast photonics",
author = "L.M. Chen and Yan, {W. C.} and Li, {D. Z.} and Hu, {Z. D.} and L. Zhang and W.M. Wang and N. Hafz and J.Y. Mao and K. Huang and Y. Ma and Zhao, {J. R.} and J.L. Ma and Li, {Y. T.} and X. Lu and Zheng-Ming Sheng and Z.Y. Wei and J. Gao and J. Zhang",
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Chen, LM, Yan, WC, Li, DZ, Hu, ZD, Zhang, L, Wang, WM, Hafz, N, Mao, JY, Huang, K, Ma, Y, Zhao, JR, Ma, JL, Li, YT, Lu, X, Sheng, Z-M, Wei, ZY, Gao, J & Zhang, J 2013, 'Bright betatron x-ray radiation from a laser-driven-clustering gas target' Scientific Reports, vol. 3, 1912. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep01912

Bright betatron x-ray radiation from a laser-driven-clustering gas target. / Chen, L.M. ; Yan, W. C. ; Li, D. Z. ; Hu, Z. D. ; Zhang, L.; Wang, W.M. ; Hafz, N.; Mao, J.Y. ; Huang, K. ; Ma, Y.; Zhao, J. R. ; Ma, J.L. ; Li, Y. T.; Lu, X.; Sheng, Zheng-Ming; Wei, Z.Y. ; Gao, J. ; Zhang, J.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, 1912, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bright betatron x-ray radiation from a laser-driven-clustering gas target

AU - Chen, L.M.

AU - Yan, W. C.

AU - Li, D. Z.

AU - Hu, Z. D.

AU - Zhang, L.

AU - Wang, W.M.

AU - Hafz, N.

AU - Mao, J.Y.

AU - Huang, K.

AU - Ma, Y.

AU - Zhao, J. R.

AU - Ma, J.L.

AU - Li, Y. T.

AU - Lu, X.

AU - Sheng, Zheng-Ming

AU - Wei, Z.Y.

AU - Gao, J.

AU - Zhang, J.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Hard X-ray sources from femtosecond (fs) laser-produced plasmas, including the betatron X-rays from laser wakefield-accelerated electrons, have compact sizes, fs pulse duration and fs pump-probe capability, making it promising for wide use in material and biological sciences. Currently the main problem with such betatron X-ray sources is the limited average flux even with ultra-intense laser pulses. Here, we report ultra-bright betatron X-rays can be generated using a clustering gas jet target irradiated with a small size laser, where a ten-fold enhancement of the X-ray yield is achieved compared to the results obtained using a gas target. We suggest the increased X-ray photon is due to the existence of clusters in the gas, which results in increased total electron charge trapped for acceleration and larger wiggling amplitudes during the acceleration. This observation opens a route to produce high betatron average flux using small but high repetition rate laser facilities for applications.

AB - Hard X-ray sources from femtosecond (fs) laser-produced plasmas, including the betatron X-rays from laser wakefield-accelerated electrons, have compact sizes, fs pulse duration and fs pump-probe capability, making it promising for wide use in material and biological sciences. Currently the main problem with such betatron X-ray sources is the limited average flux even with ultra-intense laser pulses. Here, we report ultra-bright betatron X-rays can be generated using a clustering gas jet target irradiated with a small size laser, where a ten-fold enhancement of the X-ray yield is achieved compared to the results obtained using a gas target. We suggest the increased X-ray photon is due to the existence of clusters in the gas, which results in increased total electron charge trapped for acceleration and larger wiggling amplitudes during the acceleration. This observation opens a route to produce high betatron average flux using small but high repetition rate laser facilities for applications.

KW - laser-produced plasma

KW - plasma-based accelerators

KW - x-rays

KW - ultrafast photonics

UR - http://www.nature.com/srep/2013/130529/srep01912/pdf/srep01912.pdf

U2 - 10.1038/srep01912

DO - 10.1038/srep01912

M3 - Article

VL - 3

JO - Scientific Reports

T2 - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

M1 - 1912

ER -