Bio-inspired sound localization sensor with high directional sensitivity

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MEMS microphones inspired by Ormia ochracea are constrained by their reliance on the resonant behavior of the system, forcing designers to compromise the goal of high amplification of directional cues to operate across the audio range. Here we present an alternative approach, namely a system optimized for the maximum amplification of directional cues across a narrow bandwidth operating purely as a sound-localization sensor for wide-band noise. Directional sensitivity is enhanced by increasing the coupling strength beyond the 'dual optimization' point, which represents the collocation of a local maximum in directional sensitivity and a local minimum in non-linearity, compensating for the loss of the desirable linearity of the system by restricting the angular range of operation. Intensity gain achieved is 16.3 dB at 10° sound source azimuth with a linear directional sensitivity of 1.6 dB per degree, while linear directional sensitivity in phase difference gain shows a seven fold increase over the 'dual optimization' point of 8 degrees phase difference per degree change in azimuthal angle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-293
Number of pages5
JournalProcedia Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2015
EventEurosensors 2015 - Konzerthaus, Freiburg, Germany
Duration: 6 Sep 20159 Sep 2015


  • bio-inspired
  • MEMS microphones
  • ormia ochracea
  • sound localization


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