见证

口述史方法与英国煤矿业职业健康和伤残研究

Translated title of the contribution: Bearing witness: oral history methodology in the study of occupational health and disability in British coal mining

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Coal mining communities are amongst the most unhealthy of all working class communities in Britain. This paper examines the ways that an oral history methodology can contribute to our understanding of the history of occupational health and safety in mining. It focuses upon the impact that coal mining work and its loss had upon the body and mind, investigating the prevailing work-health cultures in mining communities in Britain in the twentieth century. It draws upon an array of miner’s oral testimonies, including 50 interviews undertaken across three British coalfields for a project a decade or so ago on coal miners’ respiratory diseases. It is argued that the body is a recurring motif in miners’ memories and that drawing upon such personal reminiscence enables us to get beyond epidemiological ‘body counts’ to get closer to lived experience as well to critically reflect on the ways that miners construct their narratives. The health and well-being of those in coal mining communities was undermined by a complex series of processes, but at the core of this is the profound economic violence meted out by a productionist work culture which prevailed across privatized and state owned production systems. The long-drawn out process of pit closures and the changed power dynamics and industrial relations cultures as deindustrialization deepened from the 1970s only served to exacerbate health problems, adding the socio-psychic impacts of job loss and the stressors of work intensification and economic precarity to communities already decimated by historic legacies of premature death, injury, chronic disease and disability. The oral evidence also identifies and elucidates a persisting ‘hard man’ work-health culture which prevailed and which also acted as a contributory drag anchor on health and safety standards in mining communities.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)167-198
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of the Social History of Medicine and Health
Volume4
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Witness
Oral History
Methodology
Coal Mining
Occupational Health
Health
Economics
Chronic Disease
Safety
Motifs
Working Class
History
Psychic
Lived Experience
Industrial Relations
Anchor
Deindustrialization
Premature Death
1970s
Occupational Safety

Keywords

  • oral history
  • oral history methodology
  • coal mining communities

Cite this

McIvor, A. (2019). 见证: 口述史方法与英国煤矿业职业健康和伤残研究. Journal of the Social History of Medicine and Health, 4(1), 167-198.
McIvor, Arthur. / 见证 : 口述史方法与英国煤矿业职业健康和伤残研究. In: Journal of the Social History of Medicine and Health. 2019 ; Vol. 4, No. 1. pp. 167-198.
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abstract = "Coal mining communities are amongst the most unhealthy of all working class communities in Britain. This paper examines the ways that an oral history methodology can contribute to our understanding of the history of occupational health and safety in mining. It focuses upon the impact that coal mining work and its loss had upon the body and mind, investigating the prevailing work-health cultures in mining communities in Britain in the twentieth century. It draws upon an array of miner’s oral testimonies, including 50 interviews undertaken across three British coalfields for a project a decade or so ago on coal miners’ respiratory diseases. It is argued that the body is a recurring motif in miners’ memories and that drawing upon such personal reminiscence enables us to get beyond epidemiological ‘body counts’ to get closer to lived experience as well to critically reflect on the ways that miners construct their narratives. The health and well-being of those in coal mining communities was undermined by a complex series of processes, but at the core of this is the profound economic violence meted out by a productionist work culture which prevailed across privatized and state owned production systems. The long-drawn out process of pit closures and the changed power dynamics and industrial relations cultures as deindustrialization deepened from the 1970s only served to exacerbate health problems, adding the socio-psychic impacts of job loss and the stressors of work intensification and economic precarity to communities already decimated by historic legacies of premature death, injury, chronic disease and disability. The oral evidence also identifies and elucidates a persisting ‘hard man’ work-health culture which prevailed and which also acted as a contributory drag anchor on health and safety standards in mining communities.",
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McIvor, A 2019, '见证: 口述史方法与英国煤矿业职业健康和伤残研究', Journal of the Social History of Medicine and Health, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 167-198.

见证 : 口述史方法与英国煤矿业职业健康和伤残研究. / McIvor, Arthur.

In: Journal of the Social History of Medicine and Health, Vol. 4, No. 1, 30.06.2019, p. 167-198.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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McIvor A. 见证: 口述史方法与英国煤矿业职业健康和伤残研究. Journal of the Social History of Medicine and Health. 2019 Jun 30;4(1):167-198.