Bearing estimation of low probability of intercept sources via polynomial matrices and sparse linear arrays

William Coventry, Carmine Clemente, John Soraghan, Neil Cade

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Abstract

Recent years have seen a steady convergence of Radar and Communications band Radio Frequency (RF) transceiver systems. Not only have Communications systems colonised large swathes of previously allocated Radar bands but there is also a convergence of technologies driven by the relatively low cost of software-defined transceivers and solid-sate RF sources. Thus, where conventional radar transmissions are characterised by short narrowband pulses with high peak power, new classes of 'pulse-compression' radar are being developed to exploit this new technology. The resulting Low Probability of Intercept waveforms are designed to spread energy in both time and frequency, yielding a very low instantaneous power spectral density. Methods to detect, analyse and distinguish such sources require longer acquisition periods to collect more energy from the sources. Here, a novel solution is provided for detection and separation based on direction-finding utilising polynomial matrix methods in conjunction with sparse array geometries. This approach provides enhanced detection, separation and direction finding while using relatively few antenna elements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1408-1419
Number of pages12
JournalIET Radar Sonar and Navigation
Volume15
Issue number11
Early online date5 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • radar communication systems
  • continuous wave waveforms
  • fast fourier transform analysis

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