Balancing risks: childhood inoculations and America's response to the provocation of paralytic polio

Stephen E. Mawdsley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polio provocation has concerned health professionals for nearly a century. Before an effective polio vaccine was licensed in 1955, evidence that certain paediatric injections could precipitate a polio infection and severe forms of paralysis informed medical debates, experiments and shifts in public health policy. This article explores how the theory was received and approached in the United States and the consequences of its protracted resolution. It contends that although medical professionals sought to maximise health benefits for American citizens, varying conceptions of what constituted an appropriate balance of risk inspired diverse health policy outcomes.
LanguageEnglish
Pages759-778
Number of pages10
JournalSocial History of Medicine
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2013

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Poliomyelitis
Health Policy
Insurance Benefits
Public Policy
Paralysis
Vaccines
Public Health
Pediatrics
Injections
Health
Infection
Polio
Childhood
Inoculation

Keywords

  • polio
  • gamma globulin
  • immunization
  • health risks
  • injections
  • public health

Cite this

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Balancing risks : childhood inoculations and America's response to the provocation of paralytic polio. / Mawdsley, Stephen E.

In: Social History of Medicine, Vol. 26, No. 4, 13.08.2013, p. 759-778.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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